Louis VIII

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Louis VIII,

1187–1226, king of France (1223–26), son and successor of King Philip IIPhilip II
or Philip Augustus,
1165–1223, king of France (1180–1223), son of Louis VII. During his reign the royal domains were more than doubled, and the royal power was consolidated at the expense of the feudal lords.
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. He fought (1215, 1219) against the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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 in S France. Invited by English lords in rebellion against their king, JohnJohn,
1167–1216, king of England (1199–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Early Life

The king's youngest son, John was left out of Henry's original division of territory among his sons and was nicknamed John Lackland.
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, to become king of England, he invaded (1216) England, although his action caused his excommunication by Pope Innocent III. The death of John and the accession of Henry III as king of England lost Louis much support among the English nobility. After his defeat (1217) at Lincoln, he withdrew. In 1224 he conquered Poitou from the English. To make his peace with the church, he pledged to go on crusade, and in 1226 he resumed the Albigensian Crusade and conquered most of Languedoc. He continued his father's policy of strong central authority.
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Louis VIII

known as Coeur-de-Lion. 1187--1226, king of France (1223--26). He was offered the English throne by opponents of King John but his invasion failed (1216)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It targets a nonacademic readership yet takes as its subject an obscure medieval king, Louis VIII, who ruled for only thirty-nine months between 1223 and 1226 and whose reign was sandwiched between the far more transformative reigns of his father Philip II and his son Louis IX, each of whom occupied the throne for more than four decades.
Isabelle had only produced one heir, the weak and sickly Louis (1187-1226) who became Louis VIII near the end of his life.
But even Duby looks over his shoulder to wonder what would have become of the kingdom of France if the second son of Philip Augustus, Philip Hurepel, had had a less ambiguous status compared to that of Louis VIII. Nelson is a revolutionary reactionary in emphasising the determinative force of events.