Louis XVII

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Louis XVII

(Louis Charles), 1785–1795?, titular king of France (1793–95), known in popular legend as the "lost dauphin." The second son of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
, 1755–93, queen of France, wife of King Louis XVI and daughter of Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. She was married in 1770 to the dauphin, who became king in 1774.
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, he became dauphin at the death (1789) of his elder brother. In 1792 the revolutionists imprisoned him with the royal family in the Temple. After the execution (1793) of Louis XVI, the comte de Provence (later King Louis XVIII) proclaimed the dauphin king as Louis XVII, but he remained in prison until his death. Cruel treatment by his jailer, Antoine SimonSimon, Antoine
, 1736–94, French revolutionary, often called "the shoemaker," a member of the Commune of Paris. He and his wife guarded the dauphin, Louis XVII, in prison. Their reputed brutality and coarseness made them infamous.
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, was said to have hastened his end.

His death has often been disputed; it was rumored that someone had taken the true dauphin from prison and substituted another boy in his place. Evidence, however, has long indicated that the boy really died in prison in 1795, and historians, for the most part, have disregarded the lost dauphin theory altogether. In 2000 geneticists announced that they had compared DNA from the dead boy's preserved heart with DNA from members of the royal family and proved conclusively that the child who died in prison was indeed the dauphin.


For the life of Louis XVII and discussion of the claims of various pretenders see study by H. G. Francq (tr. 1971).

Louis XVII (1793–1795?) “lost

dauphin”; heir to French kingship imprisoned and probably abducted. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 1617]

Louis XVII

1785--95, titular king of France (1793--95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison
References in periodicals archive ?
Louis XVII lost his parents to the guillotine in 1793 and was locked in Paris's Temple prison for three years.
Vous ecriviez des livres il y a tres longtemps [92]), cet exile qui raconte des fragments de sa vie continue a exercer le metier d'ecrivain en redigeant regulierement des episodes pour Les Aventures de Louis XVII, en produisant des textes pour l'emission en langue francaise Appels dans la nuit (48) et aussi en collaborant de temps a autre a la revue Ondes (24).
One is a journeyman printer and actor in his thirties who calls himself the Duke of Bridgewater, the other a fake evangelist in his seventies who calls himself the Dauphin, or Louis XVII of France.
The so - called Lost Dauphin was Charles, son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, called, after his father's death, Louis XVII by French loyalists.
I don't know that we've quite reached something comparable to a Louis XVII, but I do know some of us really push it.