Louis XVII


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Louis XVII

(Louis Charles), 1785–1795?, titular king of France (1793–95), known in popular legend as the "lost dauphin." The second son of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
, 1755–93, queen of France, wife of King Louis XVI and daughter of Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. She was married in 1770 to the dauphin, who became king in 1774.
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, he became dauphin at the death (1789) of his elder brother. In 1792 the revolutionists imprisoned him with the royal family in the Temple. After the execution (1793) of Louis XVI, the comte de Provence (later King Louis XVIII) proclaimed the dauphin king as Louis XVII, but he remained in prison until his death. Cruel treatment by his jailer, Antoine SimonSimon, Antoine
, 1736–94, French revolutionary, often called "the shoemaker," a member of the Commune of Paris. He and his wife guarded the dauphin, Louis XVII, in prison. Their reputed brutality and coarseness made them infamous.
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, was said to have hastened his end.

His death has often been disputed; it was rumored that someone had taken the true dauphin from prison and substituted another boy in his place. Evidence, however, has long indicated that the boy really died in prison in 1795, and historians, for the most part, have disregarded the lost dauphin theory altogether. In 2000 geneticists announced that they had compared DNA from the dead boy's preserved heart with DNA from members of the royal family and proved conclusively that the child who died in prison was indeed the dauphin.

Bibliography

For the life of Louis XVII and discussion of the claims of various pretenders see study by H. G. Francq (tr. 1971).

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Louis XVII (1793–1795?) “lost

dauphin”; heir to French kingship imprisoned and probably abducted. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 1617]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Louis XVII

1785--95, titular king of France (1793--95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The lost king of France: revolution, revenge and the search for Louis XVII. London: Fourth Estate.
Ceremonies solennelles--deposition du coeur de Louis XVII dans la Chapelle des Bourbons en la cathedrale basilique de Saint-Denis.
Bien plus que de maladie, Louis XVII est mort de n'avoir pas su qu'il etait roi.
(19) Ici repose Louis XVII, roi de France et de Navarre, ne a Versailles le 27 mars 1785, decede a Delft le 10 aout 1845.
Louis XVII lost his parents to the guillotine in 1793 and was locked in Paris's Temple prison for three years.
When Louis XVII finally died of tuberculosis in 1795, rumours instantly circulated that the royal heir had been smuggled to safety, and a commoner had died in his place.