Louis XVII

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Louis XVII

(Louis Charles), 1785–1795?, titular king of France (1793–95), known in popular legend as the "lost dauphin." The second son of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
, 1755–93, queen of France, wife of King Louis XVI and daughter of Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. She was married in 1770 to the dauphin, who became king in 1774.
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, he became dauphin at the death (1789) of his elder brother. In 1792 the revolutionists imprisoned him with the royal family in the Temple. After the execution (1793) of Louis XVI, the comte de Provence (later King Louis XVIII) proclaimed the dauphin king as Louis XVII, but he remained in prison until his death. Cruel treatment by his jailer, Antoine SimonSimon, Antoine
, 1736–94, French revolutionary, often called "the shoemaker," a member of the Commune of Paris. He and his wife guarded the dauphin, Louis XVII, in prison. Their reputed brutality and coarseness made them infamous.
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, was said to have hastened his end.

His death has often been disputed; it was rumored that someone had taken the true dauphin from prison and substituted another boy in his place. Evidence, however, has long indicated that the boy really died in prison in 1795, and historians, for the most part, have disregarded the lost dauphin theory altogether. In 2000 geneticists announced that they had compared DNA from the dead boy's preserved heart with DNA from members of the royal family and proved conclusively that the child who died in prison was indeed the dauphin.


For the life of Louis XVII and discussion of the claims of various pretenders see study by H. G. Francq (tr. 1971).

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Louis XVII (1793–1795?) “lost

dauphin”; heir to French kingship imprisoned and probably abducted. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 1617]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Louis XVII

1785--95, titular king of France (1793--95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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With: Louis-Charles Fingm, Celine Bolomey, Vincent Kuchell, Jean-Marc Morel, Penelope Pierson, Christine Brammeiez, Tania Nerfin.
The authors' declared purpose is an examination of the substantial series of articles by the great epigrapher Louis-Charles Damais on the Indonesian inscriptional record, to see whether corrections, modifications, and improvements to the Javanese component of it are feasible.
(41.) Coreil J, Mayard G, Louis-Charles J, Addiss, D.
PHOTO : Louis-Charles Harvey was born in a small house only a few miles from Memphis' Lorraine