Louis-Ferdinand Céline

(redirected from Louis-Ferdinand Destouches)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Céline, Louis-Ferdinand


(pen name of Louis-Ferdinand Destouches). Born May 27, 1894, in Courbevoie; died July 1, 1961, in Meudon. French writer. Physician by training.

In the novels Journey to the End of the Night (1932; Russian translation, 1934) and Death on the Installment Plan (1936), Céline naturalistically depicted the horrors of bourgeois existence and the transformation of “the little man” into a wolf among wolves. In 1936 he visited the USSR, and in the same year he wrote the pamphlet Mea culpa, a slanderous attack against communism. An apologist for fascism, he advocated anti-Semitism (the pamphlet Bagatelles for a Massacre, 1937), defended Hitlerite racism (the pamphlet The School of Corpses, 1938), and fawned over the fascist German occupation forces (the pamphlet A Fine Mess, 1941). Céline expressed his bitterness over the defeat of fascism in the memoirs A Fairy Play for Another Time (1952). The autobiographical chronicles Castle to Castle (1957) and North (1960) deal with the final struggles of the collaborationists and the last days of the fascist regime.


Romans. Paris, 1962.


Shkunaeva, I. D. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Moscow, 1961.
Vitoux, F. L.-F. Céline: Misère et parole. [Paris, 1973.]
Guenot, J. L.-F. Céline damné par l’écriture. [Paris, 1973.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the publication of this novel in 1932, the author formally adopted the pseudonym of Celine, distancing the "lives" of the physician Louis-Ferdinand Destouches and the controversial writer Louis-Ferdinand Celine.
One of the most neglected works of Louis-Ferdinand Celine is his first published one, La Vie et 1 'aeuvre de Philippe-Ignace Semmelweis, which first appeared in 1924 at a time when Celine was still Louis-Ferdinand Destouches, eight years before Voyage au bout de la nuit, the novel that was to make him famous.
Celine, Louis-Ferdinand pseudonym of Louis-Ferdinand Destouches (b.
In a lively, urbane style (which loses some of its luster in English), he succeeds admirably in tracing the historical path Louis-Ferdinand Destouches traveled during his journey toward becoming L.-F.