Louis Nicolas Davout

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Davout, Louis Nicolas


Born May 10, 1770, in An-noux, Burgundy; died June 1, 1823, in Paris. Marshal of France (1804), duke Auerstädt (1808), and prince of Eckmühl (1809).

In 1788, Davout graduated from the Paris Military School. During the French Revolution of 1789 he went over to the side of the revolutionary populace. From 1794 to 1797 he served as brigadier general in the Army of the Rhine. He took part in the Egyptian Expedition of 1798–99, and during 1800–01 he commanded the cavalry of Bonaparte’s Italian Army. Between 1805 and 1814, Davout commanded a corps and actively participated in all the Napoleonic Wars. In 1807 he was governor of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, and during 1813–14 he directed the defense of Hamburg against the Russian and Prussian armies. During the One Hundred Days Davout was Napoleon’s minister of war. After the coronation of the Bourbons he lost his ranks and titles, but they were restored to him in 1817. Davout was a peer of France from 1819.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is especially true later in the book when the reader is taken back in time as the allies prepared to drive on Paris in 1814, to the summer of 1813 when Clausewitz assumed the role of chief of staff to the corps of General Count Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn observing Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout in Hamburg.