Lourenço Marques

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Lourenço Marques:

see MaputoMaputo
, city (1997 pop. 966,837), capital of Mozambique, a port on the Indian Ocean. It is Mozambique's largest city and its administrative, communications, and commercial center.
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, Mozambique.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lourenço Marques


(now Maputo), the capital and principal city of Mozambique. Population, 384,000 (1970 census, including suburbs).

Lourenæo Marques is a port on Delagoa Bay in the Indian Ocean (with coal and oil harbors) and an important transit point on the route around Africa. The city is linked by railroads with the Republic of South Africa and Southern Rhodesia. It also has an airport.

Coal, lumber, cotton, sugar, sisal, copra, and fruits are exported from Lourencæo Marques. Cement, ceramic articles, and footwear are produced; metalworking, woodworking, textile, and chemical enterprises are located there. The city has a university and zoological and botanical gardens. It has a seaside health resort.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.