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see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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a decrease in the sugar content of the blood to below 80-70 mg percent.

Hypoglycemia is found in healthy persons during heightened muscular activity as a result of the considerable expenditure of glucose as an energy source when the body’s energy loss is not replenished with readily assimilable carbohydrates. Hypoglycemia sometimes arises after heavy intake of carbohydrates as a result of the reflex secretion by the pancreas of an excessive amount of insulin. The condition is observed in certain diseases of the insular apparatus of the pancreas, the hypothalamic region of the brain, the other endocrine glands, or the liver (disruption of the liver’s function as the principal glycogen depot), as well as in insulin overdose (hypoglycemic shock). In hypoglycemic shock, after a short period of central nervous system excitation, a condition develops that is accompanied by weakness, drowsiness, hunger, and psychic disturbances. Trembling, loss of consciousness, and convulsions may set in when sugar content is lowered to 40 percent or less. The condition is eliminated by administering glucose. Hypoglycemic or insulin shock may be induced artificially for the treatment of certain diseases.


Genes, S. G. Gipoglikemiia: Gipoglikemiche skii simptomokompleks. Moscow, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 224-35.)


Condition caused by low levels of sugar in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
If they frequently experience low blood sugar, people with type 2 diabetes should talk with their doctor and may need to discuss changes to their diet, exercise or diabetes medications to help avoid future episodes.
Do not offer a biscuit at first - it has flour in it and is too slow for a low blood sugar attack - while milk has the wrong kind of sugar.
Severe low blood sugar can cause seizures and be life
Diabetes expert Professor Vincent Marks told the jury of six men and six women that while some patients experience symptoms of hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar, such as sweating and palpitations, others have no warning before an attack.
Low blood sugar, caused by a genetic predisposition or by a diet high in sugars, refined foods, and alcohol, may also be a factor in bingeing on sweets.
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Low blood sugar has been a major problem for me, particularly in the first years of my illness.
The treatment for low blood sugar is to eat or drink something with sugar in it.
SAN DIEGO -- New survey data released today at the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) 20th Annual Meeting and Clinical Congress reveal that more than half (55%) of people with type 2 diabetes across the country report they have experienced hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), if you take GLYXAMBI with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar such as a sulfonylurea or insulin, your risk of getting low blood sugar is higher.
The participating diabetics using the automatic shut off device reported no cases of severely low blood sugar, marking what observers are hailing as a major step toward mimicking real pancreas.
The second set of mice was lean and had low blood sugar levels, suggesting that reduced Klotho function may not only diminish obesity, but also decrease blood sugar levels.