Low Countries


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Low Countries,

region of NW Europe comprising the NetherlandsNetherlands
, Du. Nederland or Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, officially Kingdom of the Netherlands, constitutional monarchy (2015 est. pop. 16,938,000), 15,963 sq mi (41,344 sq km), NW Europe.
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, BelgiumBelgium
, Du. België, Fr. La Belgique, officially Kingdom of Belgium, constitutional kingdom (2015 est. pop. 11,288,000), 11,781 sq mi (30,513 sq km), NW Europe.
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, and the Grand Duchy of LuxembourgLuxembourg
or Luxemburg
, officially Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, grand duchy (2015 est. pop. 567,000), 998 sq mi (2,586 sq km), W Europe. Roughly triangular, it borders on Belgium in the west and north, Germany in the east, and France in the south.
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. The northern parts of the Netherlands and Belgium form a low plain bordering on the North Sea, but S Belgium and Luxembourg are part of the Ardennes plateau. The name Low Countries is a political and historic term rather than a strictly geographic concept. One of the wealthiest areas of medieval and modern Europe, it has also been a chronic battle site. For a history of the Low Countries, see articles on the individual nations and provinces (e.g., FlandersFlanders
, former county in the Low Countries, extending along the North Sea and W of the Scheldt (Escaut) River. It is divided among East Flanders and West Flanders provs., Belgium; Nord and Pas-de-Calais depts., France; and (to a small extent) Zeeland prov., the Netherlands.
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; Brabant, duchy ofBrabant, duchy of,
former duchy, divided between Belgium (Brabant and Antwerp provs.) and the Netherlands (North Brabant prov.). Louvain, Brussels, and Antwerp were its chief cities. The duchy of Brabant emerged (1190) from the duchy of Lower Lorraine.
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; HollandHolland,
former county of the Holy Roman Empire and, from 1579 to 1795, chief member of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Its name is popularly applied to the entire Netherlands. Holland has been divided since 1840 into two provinces, North Holland and South Holland.
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). See also Netherlands, Austrian and SpanishNetherlands, Austrian and Spanish,
that part of the Low Countries that, from 1482 until 1794, remained under the control of the imperial house of Hapsburg. The area corresponds roughly to modern Belgium and Luxembourg.
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The adaptation of private order commercial institutions observed in the Low Countries eventually became a widespread phenomenon.
In the second might be included the essays of Mart van Duijn on the Delft Bible of 1477; Suzan Folkerts on lay urban readers and the New Testament in the northern Low Countries; Anna Adamska on the reading of two Polish queens, Hedwig of Anjou (1374-1399) and Zofia Holszanska (c.
They are Lieve Joris, whose journalism and non-fiction books on Africa, China, The Middle East and Europe have earned her the reputation as the VS Naipaul of the Low Countries; Herman Koch, former actor and comedy star and best-selling novelist of The Dinner; Peter Terrin, this year's winner of the AKO Literature Prize and author of psychological thriller The Guard; Nigeria born, Belgium based poet, short story writer and award winning novelist of On Black Sisters's Street, Chika Unigwe, and novelist Judith Vanistendael - the 'Posy Simmonds' of Belgium, and writer of When David Lost His Voice.
of Groningen, the Netherlands) examines the regional histories (or chorographies) written in the Low Countries in the 17th century following the division of the country into the Dutch Republic, which was Protestant, and the Spanish Netherlands, which was Catholic.
The fresh translations and engaging introductions demonstrate the ways that women in the Low Countries shaped the intellectual and cultural developments of their eras" (quoted on back cover).
This collection provides the first comprehensive text of its kind in English on the Low Countries urban drama and their illustrious (and notorious) Rederijkers.
His essay points to the not yet fully understood bridge between the surviving rhetorician texts and the different media that were part of their public performance on the streets of cities of the Low Countries. Five essays follow that tackle the two most fully treated themes in the historiography of rhetorician studies: the place of the rhetoricians in the early Reformation in the Low Countries and the general literary antecedents and tropes rhetoricians embraced.
But the impulse to distinguish a Dutch tradition started much later, after the division in 1579 of the Low Countries into a Catholic south and a Protestant north (roughly today's Belgium and the Netherlands, respectively).
The particular Spanish Armada we read about most--the one in 1588--was an effort to open the sea corridor to the Low Countries. Our Pilgrim forefathers sought refuge in the Netherlands before sailing on the Mayflower.
The Low Countries in High Style Everything you need to know about cruising the ancient waterways of the Netherlands and Belgium on a deluxe all-gay riverboat.
Boonen, already the most popular man in Belgium after winning the Paris-Roubaix and Tour of Flanders classics earlier this year, looks likely to spread his fame beyond the Low Countries after two brilliant stage wins in 24 hours.
If the ponderous juggernaut of Venice is anything to go by, Biennales have a sacred duty to be irritatingly diffuse, both physically and intellectually, but Rotterdam was decidedly more focused (to the point of only lasting a month) and had a sense of coherence, even though the Dutch obsession with polders is perhaps not shared outside the Low Countries. In the astute choice of a theme that had both local and global resonance it imaginatively connected history with speculation and offered new insights into humankind's immemorial and often troubled relationship with water and the wider planet.