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(both: vĕlt, Du. fĕlt) [Du.,=field], term applied to the grassy undulating plateaus of the Republic of South Africa and of Zimbabwe. The veld comprises territory of varying elevation—the highveld (4,000–6,000 ft/1,220–1,830 m), the middleveld (2,000–4,000 ft/610–1,220 m), and the lowveld (500–2,000 ft/150–610 m). The highveld, the largest of the plateaus, is in the Republic of South Africa. Abundant crops of potatoes and corn are grown, large cattle herds are grazed, and industrial and mining centers are found there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name for the arid plateaus, covered with xerophytic grasses and shrubs, west of the Drakensberg Mountains in South Africa.

The veld is formed by a series of steps that descend to the Kalahari trough and the valley of the Limpopo River. The highveld, between the Orange and the Vaal rivers, descends from a height of 2,000 m in the northeast to 1,200 m in the southwest and is composed of horizontal deposits of sandstone and shale of the Karroo system. The surface is covered with a dense, grassy cover approximately 1 m high. In the Witwatersrand Range, north of the highveld, are the most important gold and uranium deposits in the Republic of South Africa. Between the Vaal River and the upper reaches of the Olifants River is the middleveld (altitudes of 1,500-1,000 m), which is similar to the highveld in geological sructure. It is covered in the west with xerophytic shrubs, and in the east with grasses. In the Kimberley region there are diamond beds, and diamonds are mined. North of the city of Pretoria lies the bushveld (altitudes of approximately 900 m), which is composed of volcanic rocks and covered with thickets of thorny shrubs (species of acacia). The lowveld (altitudes of 800-300 m) extends from the bushveld to the Limpopo River; it is a leveled surface of Precambrian crystalline base. The veld is a savanna with baobabs and mopani trees.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, veldt
elevated open grassland in Southern Africa
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Study area: The study was conducted in Mutema-Musikavanhu communal areas in Save Valley, southeastern lowveld of Zimbabwe (Figure 1).
Six South African botanical gardens have also established living collections of Encephalartos species for ex situ conservation, notably the Lowveld National Botanical Garden in Nelspruit, Kirstenbosch in Cape Town and the Durban Botanic Garden (Donaldson, 2003).
(104) By 1951, three permanent central breeding stations had been established: Tuli (Lowveld Station), Makaholi (Middleveld Station) and Mrewa (Highveld Station).
The incidence of this disease at RFH is unknown, but as the Lowveld region of SA is an endemic area, schistosomiasis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient with a chronic, vague abdominal mass.
The habitat, variously described as 'lowveld', 'bushveld; and 'arid grassland and bush', is probably open savanna where the species may be swept from grass.
30 TRIES: Roberts, Cuthbert, Owens CONS: Biggar (3) PENS: Biggar (3) WARREN Gatland's Wales were left heartbroken as they were denied a truly historic victory in the cruellest fashion on the Lowveld of Nelspruit.
Nelspruit is the capital of the Lowveld - as opposed to the Highveld - in the Mpumalanga region, about 2,000ft above sea level.
(47.) See Jeremy Cronin, '"Even under the Rine of Terror...': Insurgent South African Poetry," Research in African Literatures 19 (1988) 12-23; Isak Niehaus and Jonathan Stadler, "Muchongolo Dance Contests: Deep Play in the South African Lowveld," Ethnology 43 (2004) 363-80; Gwen Ansell, Soweto Blues: Jazz, Popular Music, and Politics in South Africa (New York: Continuum, 2005) 133, 180, 194, 195, 330; Shirli Gilbert, "Singing against Apartheid: ANC Cultural Groups and the International Anti-Apartheid Struggle," Journal of Southern African Studies 33 (2007) 421-41; Marcelle C.
A retrospective epidemiological study of parasitic otitis in cattle in South-East Lowveld of Zimbabwe.
Monrad Epidemiological studies of Fasciolagigantica infections in cattle in the highveld and lowveld communal grazing areas of Zimbabwe.
Chapters detail the early history and colonization of the Transvaal Lowveld, including Bushman (San) rock art in the park, the stone-wall culture of the Makahane and Vhalembethu, the gold smelters of Thulamela, the aftermath of the Mfecane in the area, and ancient trade routes; the first Europeans to visit it; expeditions, such as the Voortrekker party of Johannes Hendrik Janse van Rensburg and those of General A.H.