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see LuoyangLuoyang
or Loyang
, city (1994 est. pop. 863,300), NW Henan prov., China, on the Luo River. The city is the hub of several highways and is located on the Longhai RR.
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, China.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in China, in Honan Province, on the Lo Ho (Huang Ho basin). Population, 450,000 (1958). It has a railroad station and is a highway junction. During the years of people’s power, Loyang has become a large industrial center with well-developed machine-building and metalworking industry (plants producing tractors, mining equipment, and ball bearings). There are also woodworking, pulp-and-paper, and food industries. Coal and iron ore are mined near Loyang.

According to tradition, the city was founded in 1108 B.C. It was originally called Loyi and was the capital of a number of Chinese dynasties: the Chou (770-516 B.C.), when the city was known as Wang-ch’eng; the Later Han (A.D. 25-220), during which the first university in China was founded in Loyang; the Western Chin (265-316); the Northern Wei (386-534), when the city became Loyang; and the Later T’ang (tenth century). In later times, it was the chief town of a district. A great number of historical and artistic structures of all periods (especially the tenth century) have been preserved: the city walls, palaces, temples, and imperial mausoleums. Sites of the Neolithic Yangshao and Lungshan cultures have been discovered; other archaeological finds include settlements and kilns for firing pottery of the Yin era and the fourth and third centuries B.C., about 2,000 pit burials of the Western Chou period, and more than 1,000 stone burial vaults of the Han period. The Pai Ma Sze temple, one of the first Buddhist temples in China (founded in A.D. 68), and the Lung Men cave temple (fifth to ninth centuries), both located in the environs of Loyang, are especially well known. In 1958 a historical museum was opened near Loyang, in the former Kuan Yii temple in the village of Kuanglin; it has a large collection of iron implements, inscribed stone stelae, bronze vessels, metal mirrors, and weapons.


Viatkin, R. V. Muzei i dostoprimechatel’nosti Kitaia. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Loyang
a city in E China, in N Henan province on the Luo River near its confluence with the Yellow River; an important Buddhist centre in the 5th and 6th centuries; a commercial and industrial centre. Pop.: 1 594 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Occupancy rate stands at 91.8% in 1Q FY2017, including the 9.9% occupancy at 72 Loyang Way.
His use of Ode #203, which records the lament of Eastern outsiders against Western-capital abuse, would work perfectly for an opposition-faction poet writing from Loyang complaining about abuses from Chang'an.
Referring to the India-style Buddhist temple in Loyang in central China, which President Patil will inaugurate during her trip, Wen described it as yet another effort by both countries to promote friendly relations.
Patil would also travel to Loyang, where the famous White Horse Buddhist temple was built in 68 AD when Buddhism was introduced in China by Chinese Monk Xuanzan after a 17-year-long voyage.
Further, based on Donald Wyatt's research, the paradigm that provides the underlying structure for the poem, the tripartite observation methodology that will be discussed later in this article, did not emerge--or, at least, was not expressed--in Shao's philosophy before 1074 (The Recluse of Loyang: Shao Yung and the Moral Evolution of Early Sung Thought [Univ.