The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(Russian). (1) A slogan that expresses briefly a guiding idea, goal, or demand.
(2) In olden times, a prearranged secret word used by troops on outposts; a password.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.