Lu Xun

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Lu Xun


Lu Hsün

(both: lo͞o`shün`), 1881–1936, Chinese writer, pen name of Chou Shu-jen. In 1902, he traveled to Japan on a government scholarship, eventually enrolling at Sendai Medical School. Troubled by what he saw as China's spiritual malaise, he soon abandoned medicine to pursue literature. He returned to China, where he published translations of Western works and held a post in the ministry of education. During the period 1918–26, he wrote 25 highly influential stories in vernacular Chinese. His works include "The Diary of a Madman" (1918), written in the voice of a man believing he is held captive by cannibals; "The True Story of Ah Q" (1921–22), the chronicle of a peasant who views personal failure as success even up to his execution, exposing the elitism of the 1911 republican revolution and a tendency to ignore grim realities; and "The New Year's Sacrifice" (1924), which portrays oppression of women. From 1926, Lu wrote satirical essays and served as head of the League of Leftwing Writers.


See translations by G. and H. Yang (4 vol., 1956–60) and W. A. Lyell (1990); studies by T. A. Hsia (1968), W. A. Lyell (1976), V. I. Semanov (1980), and L. O. Lee (1987).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Wikipedia's explanation of copinism sees its origin in June 1934, when Chinese author Lu Xun published an article in the Zhonghua Ribao - Dongxiang under the title of 'Copinism.' At the time, China was facing an invasion of foreign culture and the remnants of the old feudal culture, with how to select and adopt which elements becoming an issue amid the conflicting ideas of popular isolationism and the call for complete westernization.
"Lu Xun and Realistic Problems of the May 4th Literary Movement." Literary Review 3 (1979).
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Brown sets out to understand why the short stories of Lu Xun (1881-1936), often called the founder of modern Chinese literature, have had such a profound impact on her throughout the years.
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World literature has smiled on Lu Xun [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
As for exotic power, Zhu Geliang's ability of predicting with miraculous accuracy couldn't be matched by others so much so that Lu Xun drew a conclusion about him of being "approximating demon" (Lu Xun, 129).
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She has written extensively on modern Chinese literature and translated poetry, fiction, drama, and film scripts by Bei Dao, Lu Xun, Mao Zedong, and many others.