Lucanians


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lucanians

 

(Lucani), one of the ancient Italian Samnite tribes. By the late fifth century B.C. they had settled in the southern part of Italy, calling it Lucania. Subjugated by the Romans in 273-272 B.C., the Lucanians frequently rebelled against them, fighting on the side of Hannibal in 216-215 B.C. and with the allies during the Social War of 90 (or 91)-88 B.C.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second part focuses on particular peoples, including the Lucanians, the Volscians and Hernicians, the Marsi, the Falliscans and the Capenates, the Umbri, the Veneti, and the Galli.
* (Northern Calabria) The Lucanians and Samnites defeat Alexander, king of Epirus (ca.
Whereas Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, is famous as an enemy of Rome (282-72 B.C.), few remember that Alexander the Molossian, king of Epirus, was overcome by the Lucanians and Samnites.(58) The event is even more minor than the victory of Marcellus over the Insubres.
Metellus Denter, who was killed in battle with the Senones (284), he defeated them and also routed the Lucanians; as consul a second time, he led an army against Pyrrhus, who had returned from Sicily, and defeated him at Beneventum in a hard-fought battle (275); consul a final time (274), he was elected censor (272) and started another aqueduct to bring water to Rome; he died before it was complete (270).