Lucerne


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Lucerne

(lo͞osûrn`), Ger. Luzern (lo͞otsĕrn`), canton (1993 pop. 331,800), 576 sq mi (1,492 sq km), central Switzerland. Drained by the Reuss and Kleine Emme rivers, Lucerne is mainly an agricultural and pastoral region, with orchards and large forested areas. It contains the Lake of Sempach and borders on the Lake of Lucerne. There are several resort areas, notably along the northwest shores of the Lake of Lucerne. The population is mainly German-speaking and Roman Catholic. Manufactures of the canton include machinery, textiles, metallurgic goods, electrical equipment, paper, and wood products. Boatbuilding and automobile assembly are also important. One of the Four Forest CantonsFour Forest Cantons, the,
Ger. Die Vier Waldstätten, in central Switzerland, the cantons of Unterwalden, Schwyz, Uri, and Lucerne, the first Swiss communities to win their freedom against the Hapsburgs.
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, its history is that of its capital, Lucerne (1990 pop. 59,115), which is on both banks of the Reuss where it flows out of the Lake of Lucerne. It is one of the largest resorts (mainly summer) in Switzerland and relies on tourism as the staple of its economy. A narrow-gauge rail line links Lucerne to the winter sports center of EngelbergEngelberg
, town, Obwalden half canton, central Switzerland. It is a winter and summer resort and has an early 12th-century Benedictine abbey.
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. The city grew around the monastery of St. Leodegar, founded in the 8th cent. An important trade center on the St. Gotthard route, it became a Hapsburg possession in 1291. Lucerne joined the Swiss Confederation in 1332 and gained full freedom after the battle of SempachSempach
, town (1990 pop. 3,096), Lucerne canton, N central Switzerland, on the Lake of Sempach. Near Sempach the Swiss decisively defeated the Austrians in 1386.
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 (1386). It became capital of the Helvetic RepublicHelvetic Republic
, 1798–1803, Swiss state established under French auspices. In Sept., 1797, several exiled Swiss leaders in France (notably Frédéric César de La Harpe) formally urged the French Revolutionary government (the Directory) to help in
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 in 1798. Lucerne was one of the chief towns of the SonderbundSonderbund
[Ger.,=separate league], 1845–47, defensive league of seven Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland; it was formed to protect Catholic interests and prevent the establishment of a more centralized Swiss government.
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 (1845–47). The noted monument, the Lion of Lucerne, designed by A. B. ThorvaldsenThorvaldsen or Thorwaldsen, Albert Bertel
, 1770–1844, Danish sculptor, b. Copenhagen. In 1797 he went to Rome, where he shared with Canova the leadership of the neoclassicists.
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, was erected (1820–21) in memory of the Swiss GuardsSwiss Guards,
Swiss mercenaries who fought in various European armies from the 15th cent. until the 19th cent. These mercenaries, who were not volunteers, were put at the disposal of foreign powers by treaties (called capitulations) between the Swiss diet, the separate cantons,
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 killed in Paris in 1792. Other points of interest are a mainly 17th-century church (Hofkirche), the Glacier Garden, the cantonal buildings, and several museums. The city's Chapel Bridge, built in 1333 and purported to be Europe's oldest and longest (219 yards) covered wooden bridge, long stood as a city symbol. In 1993 a fire damaged or destroyed much of it; it reopened in 1994 following reconstruction. Lucerne hosts an annual music festival (est. 1938), which moved into a striking lakeside cultural center in 1997.

lucerne

[lü′sərn]
(botany)

Lucerne

1. a canton in central Switzerland, northwest of Lake Lucerne: joined the Swiss Confederacy in 1332. Pop.: 352 300 (2002 est.). Area: 1494 sq. km (577 sq. miles)
2. a city in central Switzerland, capital of Lucerne canton, on Lake Lucerne: tourist centre. Pop.: 59 496 (2000)
3. Lake. a lake in central Switzerland: fed and drained chiefly by the River Reuss. Area: 115 sq. km (44 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Corrado De Gasperis, Executive Chairman and CEO, said, Tonogolds ongoing payments reflect their commitment for advancing the Lucerne project back into production.
On this occasion, Sheikh Nawaf, said: 'We are honored to witness the grand opening ceremony of the Brgenstock Resort Lake Lucerne, as it revives the property's prestigious past while marking a new step forward in the region's long tradition of hospitality.
GB came up against New Zealand, Romania and the Netherlands in Lucerne.
Bell warns that not approving the project could have dire consequences for the region, especially Lucerne Valley.
Yachting, around Lucerne Bay, is another The year 2015 has seen a huge surge in the number of Indian tourists visiting Switzerland
Fodders can be classified into summer (Kharif) crops, which include cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata), guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba), Jantar (Coriandrum sativum), maize (Zea mays), millet (Pennisetum glaucum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and winter (Rabi) crops, consisting mainly of barley (Hordeum vulgare), berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum), lucerne (Medicago sativa), mustard (Brassica spp.), oats (Avena sativa), rye grass (Lolium perenne), shaftal (Trifolium resupinatum), and vetch (Vicia species) (Lodhi et al., 2009).
Gallen to Lucerne: With the Pre-Alpine Express you travel through the Toggenburg region past Rapperswil and via the Rothenthurm upland moor to the lakeside of Lucerne.
Keywords: Arthropods, pitfall traps, sweeping net, lucerne, Algerian Sahara.
Aarau slip beneath Lucerne and into ninth place while FC Sion are the new basement boys.
It sustained damage to its right side, while the Lucerne had heavy front-end damage.
In addition to Grand Mesa, Rimrock is developing the Platte River gathering system that will deliver significant volumes of crude oil to Grand Mesa Pipeline's origin point at Lucerne, CO.