Luigi Luciani

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Luciani, Luigi


Born Nov. 23, 1840, in Ascoli-Piceno; died June 23, 1919, in Rome. Italian physiologist.

Luciani began teaching at Parma in 1875. He was a professor at Siena from 1880 to 1882, at Florence from 1882 to 1893, and at Rome from 1893 to 1917. His principal works dealt with the physiology of the heart and respiration, the effect of prolonged starvation on the body, and the physiology of the central nervous system, particularly the cerebellum. He was the first to remove a dog’s cerebellum and keep the animal alive for a long time. On the basis of this operation, he advanced the theory that the cerebellum is auxiliary to the cerebral hemispheres in regulating the body’s functions.


Fisiologia del digiuno. Florence, 1889.
II cervelletto. Florence, 1891.
Fisiologia dell’uomo, 2nd ed., vols. 1-4. Milan, 1904-11.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.