Lucien Febvre

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Lucien Febvre
BirthplaceNancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
Known for Establishing Annales School
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Febvre, Lucien


Born July 22, 1878, in Nancy; died Sept. 27, 1956, in Saint-Amour. French historian. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1951).

Febvre was a professor at the University of Dijon from 1912 to 1914, at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1933, and at the Collège de France from 1933. In 1948 he became head of the sixth section (economic and social sciences) at the Practical School of Higher Studies. In 1929, together with M. Bloch, he founded the journal Annales d’histoire economique et sociale, (since 1946, Annales; economies, sociétés, civilisations).

Febvre emphasized that a true understanding of history requires a comprehensive understanding of society. Accordingly, he addressed himself to the study of geography, agrarian relations, trade, social structure, language, religion, culture, and historical psychology. Although his research covered events from the Middle Ages through modern times, his interests were centered on the Renaissance, in particular, the 16th century. Febvre attributed great importance to the study of social psychology in different eras, recognizing that man’s psychological makeup is determined by his place in society.


La Terre et l’évolution humaine. Paris, 1922.
Un Destin: Martin Luther. Paris, 1928.
Le Problème de l’incroyance au XVIe siècle: La religion de Rabelais. Paris, 1947.
Combats pour l’histoire. Paris, 1965.
Pour une histoire à part entière. Paris, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sin embargo, hoy lo recordamos por la extraordinaria labor que llevo a cabo, a partir de la decada de los anos 80, en la actualizacion critica y divulgacion de la obra de su padre, el gran historiador frances Marc Bloch, fundador junto a Lucien Febvre y otros destacados cientificos sociales franceses, de la afamada revista Annales d'Histoire Economique et Saciale, en Strasbourg, ano de 1929.
In the 1930s and 1940s, Lucien Febvre, a member of the Annales School, called for histories of love, joy, and cruelty, arguing that modern conceptions of these emotions had little to do with their meaning or expression in other times.
Este artigo propoe-se a retomar esse trabalho cotidiano empreendido por Marc Bloch e Lucien Febvre entre 1929 e 1938, ou seja, na revista sob sua primeira roupagem e sob seu primeiro titulo, Annales d'Histoire Economique et Sociale.
Les theses de Lucien Febvre, pere de la notion de mentalites permet a la discipline historique d'avoir acces pas seulement aux structures evenementielles des societes mais aux structures mentales des individus la composant.
Luego, corresponde la mencion de Levin Schuking--el "precursor" de Bourdieu--con su teorizacion sobre el gusto y, como aporte generalmente soslayado, se rescata el trabajo de Lucien Febvre sobre Rabelais (1942), que conecta la historia literaria con la historia de las mentalidades.
For example, in his doctoral thesis Philippe II et la Franche-Comte (1911) (4), Lucien Febvre conducts a detailed examination of the geographical environment and specifically of its agrarian base, which serves to clarify many aspects concerning the structure of social relationships and the psychological attitudes of the inhabitants of the region.
But it is also proposed here that another continuity is implied by the relationship between French Annales School founders Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, who were without doubt, aware of the second generation of Burckhardtian scholars in Germany, namely the ill-fated Karl Lamprecht, and shared with him mutual friendships with both the Belgian cultural historian Henri Pirenne, with the Dutch cultural historian Johann Huizinga, and with the French polymath philosopher Henri Berr.