Gabriela Mistral

(redirected from Lucila Godoy Alcayaga)

Mistral, Gabriela

 

(pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga). Born Apr. 7, 1889, in Vicuna, province of Coquimbo; died Jan. 10, 1957, in Hempstead, N. Y. Chilean poet.

Mistral was the daughter of a schoolteacher. She also became a teacher and was active in public education. In 1924 she began her diplomatic career in Italy, later serving in Spain (1933–35), Portugal (1935–37), and Brazil and the USA (1938–46). In 1946 she worked for the League of Nations, the predecessor of the UN.

Even before the appearance of Mistral’s first book, Desolation (1922), her poetry, printed in provincial newspapers since 1903, had gained renown. Her early verses express the intimate feelings of a woman: tormented love and an unfulfilled desire for mother-hood. Mistral’s second collection, Tola (1938), reveals a broadening of her poetical range: the confession of a troubled soul who has absorbed the thoughts and feelings of the common people of Latin America.

Mistral was one of the first South American writers to make use of Indian lore in her poetry, combining the tradition of Spanish poetry with fresh, animistic imagery. Her last book of poetry, The Winepress, was published in 1954. In her article “Accursed Word” (1950), Mistral called for peace. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945.

WORKS

Poesias completes. Madrid, 1958.
Anthologia. Santiago de Chile, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1959.
Lirika. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Neruda, P. [Preface to the poetry of G. Mistral.] Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 1.
Ospovat, L. S. “Poeziia G. Mistral’.” Novyi mir, 1960, no. 3.
Monsalve, J. G. Mistral: La errante solitaria. Biografia. Santiago de Chile, 1958.
Ladrón de Guevara, M. G. Mistral: Rebelde magnifica. Buenos Aires [1962].
Alegria, F. Genio y figura de Gabriela Mistral. [Buenos Aires, 1966.]

L. S. OSPOVAT

References in periodicals archive ?
No a muchos kilometros de aqui, en Montegrande, un 7 de abril de 1889, nacio Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, en una pequena casa al final de una calle que ahora tiene el nombre de la poetisa.
A mi modo de ver, y aunque no se ocupa de los aspectos sentimentales en la vida de la mujer, la sintesis que Predmore nos ofrece es una excelente semblanza del hacer profesional y de la proyeccion publica de quien fue Lucila Godoy Alcayaga.
Singulares y plurales, cada una es y no es la voz de quien habla, la voz que adjudicamos a Gabriela Mistral, esa persona imaginada en quien Lucila Godoy Alcayaga se ha transfigurado.
Constructing the "scavenger methodology" to read Gabriela Mistral's figure queerly, the author profitably draws from the swirl of anecdote that surrounds Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, a.
Lucila Godoy Alcayaga was born 110 years ago, on April 7, 1889, in Vicu-a, a provincial capital in northern Chile's Valley of Elqui.
Mistral, Gabriela (pen name of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, 1889-1957)
Su nombre de pila es Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, nacio en 1889 en Vicuna, pero vivio su infancia junto a su madre y a su media hermana en Monte Grande, entre las montanas, vientos y "la Albahaca del cielo".
a) El texto de Osario se inicia con las interrogantes apelativas del sujeto enunciador a un ser misterioso (anciana Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, anciana de paz, memoriosa, madre vieja), pidiendo algun indicio para comprender a que espacio desconocido es llevado o en que tiempo se halla atrapado, actitud que mantendra durante todo el trayecto.
Como primicia de la proxima publicacion del epistolario firmado por Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, a Manuel Magallanes Moure, copio un trozo inedito de la carta que alli hemos enumerado como la 59.
Lucila Godoy Alcayaga fue una mujer que viajo mucho.
Y Lucila Godoy Alcayaga lo efectua mediante Gabriela Mistral, desde 1925 en adelante.