Lucjan Rudnicki

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rudnicki, Lucjan


Born Jan. 2, 1882, in Sulejów; died June 8, 1968, in Warsaw. Polish writer.

Rudnicki joined the Polish Socialist Party in 1898 and the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania in 1907. He was imprisoned several times for his revolutionary activities. From 1916 to 1918 he was in a German concentration camp. Rudnicki became a member of the Communist Party of Poland in 1918. During the Nazi occupation of Poland he joined the Polish Workers’ Party, worked in the underground, and contributed to illegal publications. He wrote the autobiographical novella Rebirth (1920) and a collection of short stories called The Democratic Republic (1921). He became famous for his autobiographical work The Old and the New (vols. 1–3, 1948–60), which reflected the history of the development of the Polish worker’s revolutionary consciousness.

Rudnicki received the State Prize of the Polish People’s Republic in 1948 and 1966.


In Russian translation:
Po novomu puti. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Staroe i novoe. [Afterword by T. Drewnowski.] Moscow, 1958.


Wyka, K. “Pisarz ludowego optymizmu.” In his book Szkice literackie i artystyczne. Kraków, 1956.
Stawar, A. “O L. Rudnickim.” In his book Szkice literackie. Warsaw, 1957.
Preger, J. “O L. Rudnickim.” In Z problemów literatury polskiej XX wieku, vol. 3. Warsaw, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.