Lucy Stone


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Lucy Stone
Birthday
BirthplaceWest Brookfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died
EducationBachelor of Arts
Known for Abolitionist. Suffragist. Women's rights activist

Stone, Lucy,

1818–93, reformer and leader in the women's rights movement, b. near West Brookfield, Mass., grad. Oberlin, 1847. In 1847 she gave her first lecture on women's rights, and the following year she was engaged by the Anti-Slavery Society as one of their regular lecturers. As a speaker she had great eloquence and was often able to sway an unruly and antagonistic audience. She married Henry Brown BlackwellBlackwell, Henry Brown,
1825–1909, American reformer, b. Bristol, England; brother of Elizabeth Blackwell. He was an abolitionist and later, with his wife, Lucy Stone, a worker for woman suffrage.
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 in 1855 but continued, as a matter of principle, to use her own name and was known as Mrs. Stone. In 1870 she founded the Woman's Journal, which was for nearly 50 years the official organ of the American Woman Suffrage Association and, after 1890, the National American Woman Suffrage Association. After her death it was edited by her daughter, Alice Stone Blackwell. In 1921 the Lucy Stone League was formed to continue the battle for women's rights.

Bibliography

See biographies by her daughter (1930, repr. 1971) and E. R. Hays (1961).

Stone, Lucy

(1818–93) abolitionist, women's rights activist; born in West Brookfield, Mass. The eighth of nine children of a farmer and tanner who believed that women had few rights, she early determined to get an education; she finally was able at age 25 to enter Oberlin College (Ohio); when she graduated in 1847 she was the first Massachusetts woman to have earned a college degree. Within months she was appointed a lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery Society, but she was soon concentrating on women's rights. In 1850 she was a leader in calling a women's rights convention at Worcester, Mass.; her speech there both won over Susan B. Anthony to the cause and inspired John Stuart Mill to write "The Enfranchisement of Woman." She traveled widely throughout North America to lecture on women's rights. In 1855 she married Henry Blackwell (brother of the pioneer doctors, Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell, and brother-in-law of Antoinette Brown Blackwell, the first woman ordained a minister in the U.S.A.), but she kept her own name and he joined her in protesting against contemporary marriage laws. Although she retired for a few years after the birth of her daughter (1857), she emerged after the Civil War as a leader in the women's rights movement. A schism developed between her and the two more radical feminist leaders, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and she ended up founding the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) (1869). She then founded the Woman's Journal (1870), and she and her husband effectively financed as well as edited it from 1872 on. In 1890 she led the AWSA to unite with the Stanton-Anthony group to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association; she served as chairperson of its executive committee until her death. In keeping with her independent spirit, she was the first person in New England to be cremated.
References in periodicals archive ?
The future USNS Lucy Stone and USNS Sojourner Truth will be operated by Military Sealift Command and provide underway replenishment of fuel and stores to U.
Perhaps Rose's relationship with her husband, William, her constant source of emotional and financial support, left her less in need of female friendship and more able to focus on speaking than the husbandless Anthony and the badly married Lucy Stone.
Lucy Stone eventually married Henry Blackwell; her friend Antoinette Brown married his brother, Samuel Blackwell.
Some suffered anguish at violating social norms, as evidenced for example in the frequent headaches that tormented Lucy Stone, and others, like Elizabeth Gaskell, ambiguously voiced compliance with the ideology, but it did not change the course of their lives of achievement.
Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell helped establish the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1869 and founded the Woman's Journal, a major suffrage journal.
Instead, they acknowledged a number of important forerunners, including abolitionist and anti-slavery meetings and conventions, the lecture tours that speakers such as Angelina Grimke and Lucy Stone had undertaken in the 1830s and 1840s, and the national women's rights conventions that began in 1850.
In terms of substance, the author manages to work in Clara Bow, Monica Lewinski, "hookers," and Bonnie Parker, but omits the contributions of Lucy Stone, Alice Paul, and the women's rights impact on free speech.
In response to scholarship that tries to temper the relentless focus on Stanton and Anthony, Dudden says that the pair "cannot be replaced by a broader cast of grassroots feminists, or swapped out for a truer heroine in Lucy Stone, because they were so widely influential.
A mare appreciating her return to Kilbeggan was Lucy Stone.
Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt, Lucretia Mott, Alice Paul, Lucy Stone, and Victoria Woodhull from among the national leaders, and Sojourner Truth and Ida B.
And essay subjects include schoolgirl editors at Boston Latin High School, society women editing special "women's editions" of newspapers, Ann Stephens at the Portland Magazine, Miriam Frank Leslie at Frank Leslie's Chimney Corner, Frances Wright at the Free Enquirer, Marianna Burgess editing the Indian Helper at the Carlisle Indian School, Pauline Hopkins at the Colored American Magazine, Lucy Stone at the Woman's Journal, Caroline Kirkland at the Union Magazine, Mary Louise Booth at Harper's Bazar, and Kate Field at Kate Field's Washington.