Lucy Stone

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Lucy Stone
BirthplaceWest Brookfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
EducationBachelor of Arts
Known for Abolitionist. Suffragist. Women's rights activist

Stone, Lucy

Stone, Lucy, 1818–93, reformer and leader in the women's rights movement, b. near West Brookfield, Mass., grad. Oberlin, 1847. In 1847 she gave her first lecture on women's rights, and the following year she was engaged by the Anti-Slavery Society as one of their regular lecturers. As a speaker she had great eloquence and was often able to sway an unruly and antagonistic audience. She married Henry Brown Blackwell in 1855 but continued, as a matter of principle, to use her own name and was known as Mrs. Stone. In 1870 she founded the Woman's Journal, which was for nearly 50 years the official organ of the American Woman Suffrage Association and, after 1890, the National American Woman Suffrage Association. After her death it was edited by her daughter, Alice Stone Blackwell. In 1921 the Lucy Stone League was formed to continue the battle for women's rights.


See biographies by her daughter (1930, repr. 1971) and E. R. Hays (1961).

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Stone, Lucy

(1818–93) abolitionist, women's rights activist; born in West Brookfield, Mass. The eighth of nine children of a farmer and tanner who believed that women had few rights, she early determined to get an education; she finally was able at age 25 to enter Oberlin College (Ohio); when she graduated in 1847 she was the first Massachusetts woman to have earned a college degree. Within months she was appointed a lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery Society, but she was soon concentrating on women's rights. In 1850 she was a leader in calling a women's rights convention at Worcester, Mass.; her speech there both won over Susan B. Anthony to the cause and inspired John Stuart Mill to write "The Enfranchisement of Woman." She traveled widely throughout North America to lecture on women's rights. In 1855 she married Henry Blackwell (brother of the pioneer doctors, Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell, and brother-in-law of Antoinette Brown Blackwell, the first woman ordained a minister in the U.S.A.), but she kept her own name and he joined her in protesting against contemporary marriage laws. Although she retired for a few years after the birth of her daughter (1857), she emerged after the Civil War as a leader in the women's rights movement. A schism developed between her and the two more radical feminist leaders, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and she ended up founding the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) (1869). She then founded the Woman's Journal (1870), and she and her husband effectively financed as well as edited it from 1872 on. In 1890 she led the AWSA to unite with the Stanton-Anthony group to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association; she served as chairperson of its executive committee until her death. In keeping with her independent spirit, she was the first person in New England to be cremated.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps Rose's relationship with her husband, William, her constant source of emotional and financial support, left her less in need of female friendship and more able to focus on speaking than the husbandless Anthony and the badly married Lucy Stone. Or, perhaps, she rightly registered and refused to excuse intolerance (anti-immigrationism, anti-Semitism) that others, who perceived their biases as "natural," were unable to record.
(71.) Lucy Stone eventually married Henry Blackwell; her friend Antoinette Brown married his brother, Samuel Blackwell.
Lucy Stone's role in the history of American feminism is certainly better known than that of the individualistic intellectual Margaret Fuller, but Stone, as a leader of the more conservative American Women's Suffrage Association, has not received the historical attention given to her colleagues in the competing, more radical National Women's Suffrage Association.
Lucy Stone (1818-1893) was born in Massachusetts, the eighth of nine children.
She is the author of several articles on domestic service, including "The Domestic Balance of Power.- Relations between Mistress and Maid in Nineteenth-Century New England," Labor History 9987), and coeditor Of Friends and Sisters: Letters between Lucy Stone and Antoinette Brown Blackwell, 1846-1893 fl987).
With her husband, Lucy Stone edited the Woman's Journal (1872 - 93).
Simultaneously, the grassroots activism of Stanton and Anthony's rivals, particularly that of individuals such as Lucy Stone, who led the American Woman Suffrage Association, largely disappeared from historical memory just as their archival remains were heavily excised from the History of Woman Suffrage.
The Provincial Freeman reported favourably on a Toronto visit by well-known American suffragist Lucy Stone in 1855.
Buck, chairman of the Warren Historical Commission, will speak about West Brookfield native Lucy Stone (1818-1893), a leader of the women's suffrage movement, 7 p.m.
In response to scholarship that tries to temper the relentless focus on Stanton and Anthony, Dudden says that the pair "cannot be replaced by a broader cast of grassroots feminists, or swapped out for a truer heroine in Lucy Stone, because they were so widely influential." She goes on to argue that "Stanton and Anthony chose the movement's strategies and crafted the arguments with which women's cause became identified." She endeavors to show how the feminist-abolition coalition was created, how Stanton and Anthony emerged as leaders, and why they moved from supporting abolition to demanding the vote.
A mare appreciating her return to Kilbeggan was Lucy Stone. She had failed to progress since winning her bumper here last September, but under a confident ride from Tom Doyle she took control of the 2m3f handicap hurdle three out and kept up the gallop from there to beat the staying-on Something Grand by four lengths.