Ludwig Pastor

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pastor, Ludwig


Born Jan. 31, 1854, in Aachen; died Sept. 30, 1928, in Innsbruck. German-born Austrian historian.

In 1901, Pastor became director of the Austrian Historical Institute in Rome. From 1920 to 1928 he was Austria’s envoy at the Vatican. Pastor’s fame rests on his multivolume history of the papacy based on archival materials, especially on the Vatican archives.


Geschichte der Päpste seit dem Ausgang des Mittelalters (Í477–1799), vols. 1–16. Freiburg-Rome, 1955–61.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Availing themselves of the opening of the Vatican Archives in 1883, Ludwig Pastor and his equippe began issuing volumes of his monumental History of the Popes in 1886.
Over the years there have been numerous books about the Papacy, ranging from Ludwig Pastor's magisterial sixteen volumes to slight, popular works proclaiming the Papacy to be either perfect or a sink of corruption.