Baden(redirected from Ludwig Wilhelm of Baden)
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Baden, former state, Germany
Baden, city, Austria
Baden, town, Switzerland
a historical region in southwestern Germany.
Beginning in the 11th century, Baden was a margravate. The residence of the margrave was in the city of Baden-Baden. In 1535, Baden was divided into Baden-Baden (Catholic) and Baden-Durlac (Protestant after 1556). In 1771 both margravates were united under Karl Friedrich (1738–1811). Karlsruhe was the margrave’s residence. In 1796, Karl Friedrich formed an alliance with the French. Baden received the title of an electorate in 1803. In 1806, Baden, whose territory had increased considerably as a result of Napoleon I’s protection, became a grand duchy. During the revolution of 1848–49 in Germany, an uprising began in Baden (April 1848) under the leadership of the petit bourgeois democrats F. Hecker and G. Struve, but it was suppressed by government troops. A second uprising led by Struve (September 1848) was unsuccessful, as was the Baden-Palatinate uprising of 1849 in defense of the imperial constitution. In 1871, Baden became part of the German Empire. During the November Revolution of 1918 in Germany a republic was proclaimed in Baden. From 1919 to 1933, Baden was a state in the Weimar Republic. After the defeat of fascist Germany (1945), the southern part of Baden was included in the French occupation zone; the northern part was in the American occupation zone. Since 1949, Baden has been part of the state (Land) of Baden-Wiirttemberg in the Federal Republic of Germany.