Luigi Boccherini


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Related to Luigi Boccherini: Ludwig van Beethoven, Antonio Salieri

Boccherini, Luigi

(lo͞oē`jē bôk-kĕrē`nē), 1743–1805, Italian composer and cellist. Together with the violinist Filippo Manfredi he made a highly successful concert tour of Italy and France. After 1769 he was a composer and cellist in Spanish courts. He also served as composer to Frederick William II of Prussia (1787–97) and then returned to Madrid. Boccherini wrote more than 400 works, including 4 cello concertos, about 90 string quartets and about 125 string quintets. His chamber music, displaying complete mastery of the classical style, is remarkable for natural, expressive melodies and fluent instrumental writing. His famous minuet is from the String Quintet Op. 13, No. 4. Boccherini's style is often compared to that of Haydn, and the two composers admired each other's work.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Boccherini, Luigi

 

Born Feb. 19, 1743, in Lucca; died May 28,1805, in Madrid. Italian composer and cellist. Son of a musician.

Boccherini gave many concerts (in Spain, France, and Germany). Beginning in late 1768 (or the beginning of 1769), he was court musician in Madrid. He established the cello as a solo instrument. He composed symphonies (about 30), chamber instrumental works (about 400), compositions for the cello, and other works. In several chamber compositions he used Spanish folklore. Boccherini’s cello concertos and sonatas are classic examples of the solo instrumental music of the 18th century.

REFERENCES

Ginzburg, L. Luidzhi Bokkerini i rol’ ego v razvitii violonchel’nogo iskusstva. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Ginzburg, L. Istoriia violonchel’nogo iskusstva: Kniga pervaia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. Pages 362–414.
Rotshild, G. de. L. Boccherini. Paris, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le Guin places the music of cellist and composer Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805) "within its cultural milieu," elegantly weaving together a variety of modes of music analysis, eighteenth-century dance treaties, medical thought, theater, art criticism, and the philosophy of Diderot, Condillac, Feijoo y Montenegro, and others (26).
Raphael Wallfisch joins Manchester's Northern Chamber Orchestra under Nicholas Ward in four Cello Concertos by the Lucca-born Luigi Boccherini. This is the third volume of the series showing him at his maturity.
The city turns up only in a final chapter that looks at Johann Christian Bach in London, Giovanni Paisiello in Saint Petersburg, and Luigi Boccherini in Madrid.
The book lists 174 composers whose works appear in the newspaper in the newspaper's advertisements, ranging from the famous (Thomas Ame, Luigi Boccherini, Joseph Hayden) to the obscure ("a Lady").
On Luigi Boccherini: la bona notte: three string trios; Notturno for two violins (Glossa GCD 920301, rec 1994) and Luigi Boccherini: Los ultimos trios (Glossa GCD 920302, rec 1995), performed by La Real Camara, these are qualities hard to pin down (the liner notes deal in even more elusive fragrances); and one might argue that these are common attributes in the mid-classical period.
Music and War in Europe: From French Revolution to WWI features scholarly contributions selected from an international conference organized in 2014 by the Centro Studi Opera Omnia Luigi Boccherini in Lucca in collaboration with the Palazzetto Bru Zane (Centre de musique romantique francaise) of Venice and the Observatoire interdisciplinaire de creation et de recherche en musique of Montreal.
The program includes Luigi Boccherini's "Fandango" Quintet for guitar and strings and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Piano Quartet in E-flat Major.
The editor's ambitious undertaking aims at portraying both Karlowicz the man and the composer; Sala's own contribution benefits from his broad humanistic and philosophical background (he published on such stylistically distant composers as Luigi Dallapiccola and Luigi Boccherini).
It would have been interesting to know something of Cassado's ideas about Luigi Boccherini, the eighteenth-century Italian virtuoso cellist and composer who made his home in Spain and who Cassado featured in his recordings and arrangements.
Though sequestered in Spain, far from Europe's musical capitals, for thirty-five years, Luigi Boccherini worked persistently in artistic seclusion, producing a steady stream of compositions that contributed to an ongoing musical, cultural dialogue without ever monopolizing the conversation.
Students ages 10 through 18 years who attend the UO's Community Music Institute present a free concert that includes works by Erno Dohnanyi, Peter Tchaikovsky and Luigi Boccherini.