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Born Sept. 4, 1850, in Pallanza; died Dec. 23, 1928, in Bordighera. Italian marshal (1924) and count.
Cadorna entered military service in 1866. Subsequently, he commanded, in succession, a regiment, a division, and a corps and worked to reorganize the Italian Army. From 1914 to 1917 he was chief of the General Staff. After May 1915, when Italy entered the war on the side of the Entente, Cadorna was the de facto commander in chief of the Italian Army. His repeated attempts from 1915 to 1917 to defeat the Austro-Hungarian troops on the Isonzo River were unsuccessful. After the defeat of the Italian troops at Caporetto, Cadorna was removed from his post on Nov. 8, 1917. He wrote several works on Italy’s participation in World War I.