Luigi Chiarelli


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Chiarelli, Luigi

 

Born July 7, 1880 or 1884, in Trani; died Dec. 20, 1947, in Rome. Italian playwright.

Chiarelli’s best play, The Mask and the Face (1916), a cornerstone of the Italian “theater of the grotesque,” voiced a protest against the hypocrisy of bourgeois morality. A. Gramsci looked upon the comedy favorably. Chiarelli’s subsequent plays—for example, The Silk Staircase (1917), Chimera (1919), and Fireworks (1923)—continued to adhere to the style of the theater of the grotesque. The Resistance Movement influenced him to write the revolutionary-symbolic play Theater in Flames (1945). In Existence (published 1953), Chiarelli turned to the problems of existentialism.

WORKS

Varietà, vols. 1–2. Turin, 1934.

REFERENCE

Teatro italiano, vol. 5: Il Novecento. Edited by E. Possenti. Milan, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Often overlooked as a mere predecessor to Luigi Pirandello, the Pugliese writer and dramatist Luigi Chiarelli (1880-1947) was actually the Sicilian's contemporary.
This word, derived from the plural of grotte (caves), led Vena -- via Giorgio Vasari's Introduction to the Art of Painting -- to the "Teatro del Grottesco" and its creators: the dramatists Luigi Chiarelli (1880-1947), with La Maschera e il Volto (The Mask and the Face); Luigi Antonelli (1877-1942), with L'uomo che incontra se stesso (A Man Confronts Himself); and Enrico Cavacchioli (1885-1954), with L'uccello di Paradiso (The Bird of Paradise).
Vena ha scelto e tradotto i tre testi considerati fondamentali per lo sviluppo del grottesco: La maschera e il volto di Luigi Chiarelli, che con la sua prima rappresentazione nel 1916 ha dato il via al movimento; L'uomo che incontro se stesso di Luigi Antonelli, del 1918; e L'uccello del Paradiso, del 1919, di Enrico Cavacchioli.