Luis Buñuel

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Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel Portolés
BirthplaceCalanda, Teruel, Spain
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Buñuel, Luis


Born Feb. 22, 1900, in the city of Calanda. Film director; Spanish by nationality.

Buñuel studied in the history department of the University of Madrid. From 1924 he lived in Paris and took part in the avant-garde movement; he made surrealistic films, such as An Andalusian Dog (1928, scenario jointly with S. Dali) and L’Age d’Or (1930). In 1932, in Spain, Buñuel shot the documentary film Land Without Bread concerning the life of poor people and the poverty of the Spanish peasantry. Since 1946 he has worked primarily in Mexico. Among the films which he made there are Los Olvidados (1950) and Nazarin (1958, based on the novel by B. Pérez Galdós). In 1960, in Spain, Buñuel produced his film Viridiana, which condemns religious hypocrisy and the system of life in present-day Spain. Among his other films are The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1955), The Exterminating Angel (1962), Diary of a Chambermaid (1963, based on a work of the same name by O. Mirbeau), Simon of the Desert (1964), and Belle de Jour (1967).

Buñuel’s creative work is permeated with expressions of protest against social injustice and moral and religious prejudices. The means of expression and stylistic devices utilized by Buñuel in most of his films are linked with the traditions of Spanish painting. Many of Buñuel’s films have won prizes at the international film festivals held in Cannes and Venice.


Kyrou, A. Luis Buñuel. [Paris, 1963.]
Estève, M. Luis Buñuel, vols. 1-2. [Paris] 1962-63.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Convictions and Contradictions of Luis Bunuel: Mon denier Soupir." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities.
Luis Bunuel was the first of seven children born to Maria Portoles and Leonardo Bunuel on February 22, 1900, in the town of Calanda in Aragon.
Expanding on racy suggestions made in Ian Gibson's biographies of both Lorca and Dali, first-time screenwriter Phflippa Goslett mines the rich (and less thoroughly documented) period in Dali's life when he was enrolled at Madrid's Residencia de Estudiantes, a progressive arts school where the young painter rubbed elbows with the likes of Luis Bunuel (Matthew McNulty) and Lorca (Javier Beltran).
Number four sounds like a joke, but is not: "Luis Bunuel stopped at Mexico" (6).
Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali said that in filming the seminal Surrealist movie, Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou), their technique was to shoot a scene until it made no sense!
On the same subject, Luis Bunuel's Tristana has also just (at last!) been released.
Before that, there are plenty other treats in store in the festival's programme which features films with Joe Strummer, The Doors, Elvis and Bjork, plus silent screen Sundays, including Buster Keaton's comedy Steamboat Bill Jr, and Luis Bunuel's surrealist masterpiece L'Age d'Or (The Golden Age).