Luis Carlos Prestes

Prestes, Luis Carlos

 

Born Jan. 3, 1898, in Porto Alegre. Leader in the Brazilian and international labor movement. Member of the Brazilian Communist Party (BCP) since 1934.

The son of a military serviceman, Prestes received a higher military education. From 1918 to 1924 he served as a captain of engineers in the Brazilian Army and conducted revolutionary work among the soldiers and officers. From 1924 to 1927 he directed the armed struggle of the democratic forces against the dictatorship of A. Bernardes. He spent the years from 1927 to 1931 in emigration in Bolivia, Argentina, and Uruguay; he had close ties with the Communist parties of these countries and with the South American Bureau of the Comintern Executive Committee. From 1931 to 1934, Prestes was in the Soviet Union. At the Seventh Congress of the Comintern, in 1935, he was elected a member of its Executive Committee.

In 1935, Prestes organized an uprising of the Brazilian people against the dictatorship of G. Vargas, serving as the commander of the revolutionary army of the National Liberation Alliance and as honorary president of the alliance. After the uprising was suppressed, he was arrested and spent the years from 1936 through 1945 in prison. In 1943 he became a member of the Central Committee of the BCP, and in 1945 a member of the Executive Commission of the Central Committee of the BCP and general secretary of the Central Committee of the BCP. Also in 1945 he was elected senator. From 1947 to 1958, after the BCP had been banned, he worked underground. Beginning in 1964, after the reactionary coup d’etat, he was again forced to work underground. He was sentenced in absentia to 14 years imprisonment. In 1973, Prestes was awarded the Order of the October Revolution.

WORKS

O problema da terra e a constituição de 1946. Rio de Janeiro, 1946.
Frente nacional para salvação da pátria. Rio de Janeiro, 1947.
In Russian translation:
“50 let Brazil’skoi kommunisticheskoi partii.” Kommunist, 1972, no. 5.
“Revoliutsionnaia bor’ba brazil’skikh kommunistov.” Problemy mira i sotsializma, 1972, no. 2.

REFERENCE

Amado, J. L. C. Prestes. Moscow, 1951. (Translated from Portuguese.)
References in periodicals archive ?
En esa oportunidad, el poeta chileno, que en ese momento era Senador en ejercicio, militante comunista, fue invitado al estadio Pacaembu, en Sao Paulo, al homenaje que se realizaba a Luis Carlos Prestes, ocasion en que leyo un extenso poema de circunstancia ante una audiencia de 130.
Se trata del poema que leyo en julio de 1945, en el estadio paulista ante una abrumadora audiencia reunida para homenajear a Luis Carlos Prestes.
Durante su labor de senador (1945-1948), se ocupo en diversas ocasiones por destacar a Brasil, ya sea para denunciar que alli "habia un foco de persecucion anticomunista hace anos" y abogar por la libertad de Luis Carlos Prestes o para acentuar las presiones estadounidenses ocurridas en una Conferencia Interamericana de Rio de Janeiro (9) con el proposito de provocar la ruptura de relaciones con paises de Europa oriental (vease Aguirre, 1996: 137, 204, 268).
Otros afectos (y desafectos en algunos casos) los mantuvo con Luis Carlos Prestes, Vinicius de Moraes, Oscar Niemeyer, Jurema Finamour y Rubem Braga.
Su maestro, Luis Carlos Prestes, paso cerca de quince anos de su vida encarcelado.
El actor politico que si va a generar un trauma, que segun Groppo lo asemeja a Peron, fue Luis Carlos Prestes.
Olga Benario Camila Morgado Luis Carlos Prestes Caco Ciocler Dona Leoeadio Prestes Fernanda Montenegro
Now a top-ranking Soviet agent, she is assigned to protect Luis Carlos Prestes as he makes his way to Brazil, where he is to lead the communist revolution in 1935.
Some feature themes one would expect from a militant poet; for example, "A Muralha" is an ode to the Soviet Union, and two poems are tributes to Luis Carlos Prestes.