Luis Emilio Recabarren


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Recabarren, Luis Emilio

 

Born July 6, 1876; died Dec. 19, 1924. Figure in the labor movement in Chile and other countries of Latin America.

While working as a typographer, Recabarren headed many printers’ strikes and founded Marxist working-class daily newspapers in Chile, including El Grito Popular (1911), El Socialista (1912), El Despertar (1912), La Vanguardia (1915), and La Defensa Obrera (1917). He organized many working-class and professional circles and propagandized Marxism-Leninism. He was one of the founders (1912) and leaders of the Socialist Workers’ Party of Chile. In 1922 the party aligned itself with the Communist International and became known as the Communist Party.

Outside Chile, Recabarren participated in the organization of the Communist Party of Argentina and became its first general secretary. He was in the USSR from November 1922 to February 1923. Upon his return to Chile, he wrote the book Workers’ Russia (Rusia de los Obreros). Recabarren was also the author of many pamphlets on the history of the labor and socialist movement in Chile.

WORKS

Obras selectas [2nd ed.]. [Santiago, Chile, 1972.]

REFERENCE

Ermolaev, V. I., and Iu. N. Korolev. Rekabarren—velikii grazhdanin Chili. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Se trata del editorial de la primera edicion de El Mercurio de Santiago (1/VI/1900) y de un editorial del periodico La Democracia (21/IV/1901), compuesto por Luis Emilio Recabarren, el reconocido lider sindicalista, a quien se considera como el padre del movimiento obrero en Chile.
Clotario spoke not without humor of the 25 times he had been imprisoned; of his friendship with Che Guevara (Clotario and Che were named co-presidents of the International Youth Conference in La Havana in the 1960s, when Clotario was already more than 60 years old); of his admiration for Luis Emilio Recabarren, the founder of the Chilean Communist Party.