Luis Somoza Debayle

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Somoza Debayle, Luis

(lo͞oēs` sōmō`sä thābī`lā), 1922–67, president of Nicaragua (1957–63). The oldest son of the dictator Anastasio SomozaSomoza, Anastasio
, 1896–1956, president of Nicaragua (1937–47, 1950–56). After the end (1933) of U.S. military intervention in Nicaragua, he rose to power as head of the national guard.
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, he was educated in the United States. He entered congress in 1950, became acting president (1956) upon the assassination of his father, and then president (1957). He liberalized his father's regime, instituted some social reforms, and greatly extended and diversified his family's business interests. Somoza Debayle was an ardent anti-Communist. Deciding that it would be convenient to put a non-Somoza in the presidency, he pushed a law that prohibited his own reelection and prevented any member of his family from immediately succeeding him. He then relinquished the presidency to a chosen successor, René Schick Gutiérrez. He served in the senate and headed the Somoza-dominated Liberal party until his death.
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Somoza was succeeded by his two sons, first Luis Somoza Debayle (1956-1967) and then Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967-1979).
Mas tarde, desde la revolucion cubana de 1959, cuando Luis Somoza Debayle ofrecio su territorio para el ataque a Bahia de Cochinos y la invasion partio en gran medida de las costas nicaraguenses de Puerto Cabezas, ayudada por la fuerza aerea, el destino de Nicaragua quedaria sellado al de los EE.UU.
His oldest son, Luis Somoza Debayle, was primed to succeed him as president, which he did almost immediately, and his youngest, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, was in place as commander of the National Guard, no more than a private mafia by that point.
(17) It was the oldest of these sons, Luis Somoza Debayle, who assumed control of Nicaragua following Somoza Garcia's assassination in 1956.