Santería

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Santería

(săn'tərē`ə, sän'–), religion originating in W Africa, developed by YorubaYoruba
, people of SW Nigeria and Benin, numbering about 20 million. Today many of the large cities in Nigeria (including Lagos, Ibadan, and Abeokuta) are in Yorubaland.
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 slaves in Cuba, and practiced by an estimated one million people in the United States. Blending African beliefs with those of Roman Catholicism, it fuses Christian saints with African deities (orishas). Rites are led by a priest or priestess, and reincarnation is a main belief. One of its most important rituals involves animal sacrifice, which was ruled a constitutional religious practice in a 1993 Supreme Court decision.
References in periodicals archive ?
(174) In circumstances where the state has not shown neutrality towards religion, however, or where a law is not generally applicable, a different rule applies under a later case, Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v.
This reasoning is in tension with Greece's nondiscrimination policy and seems to stop at facial neutrality when Larson and Lukumi Babalu Aye appear to require more.
Joined by Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia wrote a vigorous dissent arguing that the theology degree exception should have been subjected to strict scrutiny, and deemed presumptively unconstitutional, because it singled out religion for a special burden--invoking the Church of Lukumi decision to support his argument.
(236) Writing for the 7-2 majority, Justice Kennedy cited Church of the Lukumi for the proposition that "the government, if it is to respect the Constitution's guarantee of free exercise, cannot impose regulations that are hostile to the religious beliefs of affected citizens and cannot act in a manner that passes judgment upon or presupposes the illegitimacy of religious beliefs and practices." (237) The majority's basis for finding hostility on the part of the Commission stems in part from uncontested comments made during a public meeting by one commissioner:
His earlier opinion in Lukumi rightly invoked Arlington Heights, an equal protection decision concerning racial discrimination.
In Lukumi, the Court, helpfully, surveyed other cases involving the application of the Free Exercise Clause under then-prevailing norms:
note 18, at 52 ("Lukumi involved the threat of a $500 fine or sixty
It is therefore not surprising to find out that the three main African-derived religions in Cuba came from the cabildos of major groups: the Kongo, Lukumi and Carabali nations.
Absent evidence of patent discrimination by government against a particular religion (see, for example, Church of Lukumi Bababalu Aye v.
Lynn Carr's A Year in White: Cultural Newcomers to Lukumi and Santeria in the United States (Rutgers University Press), before the author had a chance to see it.