Luluabourg


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Kananga

Kananga (kənängˈgə), formerly Luluabourg (lo͞olwäbo͞orˈ), city (1984 pop. 298,693), capital of Kasai-Central prov., S central Congo (Kinshasa), on the Lulua River. It is the commercial and transportation center of a region where cotton is grown and diamonds are mined. The city was founded in 1884 by the German explorer Hermann von Wissmann. In 1895, Batetela troops stationed there revolted after their chief was executed by authorities of the Belgian-run Independent State of the Congo. At first successful, the mutineers were finally defeated in 1901. Kananga grew rapidly in the early 20th cent. with the coming of the railroad. Many Luba people settled there and became economically dominant over the indigenous Lulua people. After the Congo achieved independence (1960), there were violent clashes between the Luba and Lulua, and many Luba fled to the short-lived (1960–61) Mining State of South Kasai. In 1961–62, the city was held by rebel troops from the former Équateur prov.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Luluabourg

 

(now Kananga), a city in the Republic of Zaire; administrative center of the province of Kasai Occidental (Western). Population, 150,000 (1970). Luluabourg is a highway junction and has a railroad station and an airport. It is an important commercial and distribution center, with food-processing (including brewing and flour milling), printing, and cotton-ginning enterprises.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Luluabourg constitution provided that Congolese citizenship could only be granted to individuals whose parents (one or both) were members of one of the ethnic groups established on Congolese territory by 18 October 1908.
A careful reading of the Luluabourg Constitution helps reveal a lack of clarity and logic.
The Luluabourg Constitution was short-lived due to the 24 November 1965 coup d'etat by the Congolese army led by Lieutenant-General Mobutu who subsequently installed himself as the country's new president.