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Related to Lumbar radiculopathy: sciatica, cervical radiculopathy


(sīăt`ĭkə), severe pain in the leg along the sciatic nerve and its branches. It may be caused by injury or pressure to the base of the nerve in the lower back, or by metabolic, toxic, or infectious disease. Treatment is for the underlying condition; measures for the relief of pain include bed rest, immobilization of the leg, heat, and sedation.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



ischialgia, lumbosacral radiculitis, a disease of the roots of the lumbosacral section of the spinal cord and, mainly, of the sciatic nerve (nervus ischiadicus).

The causes of sciatica are the same as those of radiculitides. Because of the great length of the sciatic nerve and its close connection with many surrounding formations, such as the organs of the lesser pelvis (the uterus and its appendages, the urinary bladder, the rectum, the membranes of the spinal cord, the spinal column), diseases of the sciatic nerve occur with great frequency. They occur both as primary, with the influence of some injurious factor (chilling, infection) directly on the nerve, and as associated with involvement of the nerve with diseases of the surrounding organs. Examination reveals characteristic pain points, tension symptoms (the extremities in a position in which the nerve is taut and there is acute pain, such as in the forced adduction of a raised leg or bending of the head toward the chest in a recumbent position with the legs straightened), loss of sensitivity in certain areas of the skin (according to the type of nerve root), and autonomic and trophic disturbances.

In the acute stage of sciatica, treatment involves rest (lying on a hard bed), ultraviolet irradiation of the painful area, diady-namic currents, analgesics, and novocain blocks; later, ionization with novocain and potassium iodide, diathermy, ultrahigh-fre-quency therapy, massage, therapeutic exercise, and vitamins Bi and B12 are prescribed. Surgery is recommended in severe, protracted cases of sciatica that are the result of affection of the intervertebral disks or a dislocated disk.


Guber-Grits, D. S. Zabolevaniia poiasnichno-kresttsovogo otdela perifericheskoi nervnoi sistemy. Moscow, 1960.
Shamburov, D. A. Ishias, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Shustin, V. A. Diskogennyi poiasnichno-kresttsovyi radikulit: Klinika, diagnostika, lechenie. Leningrad, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Neuralgic pain in the lower extremities, hips, and back caused by inflammation or injury to the sciatic nerve.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a form of neuralgia characterized by intense pain and tenderness along the course of the body's longest nerve (sciatic nerve), extending from the back of the thigh down to the calf of the leg
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study we aimed to compare TENS and Ultrasound combination, commonly used in routine practice, with the new non-invasive treatment method of HILT in terms of effects on pain and functionality for patients with chronic lumbar radiculopathy. At the same time, we aimed to suggest an appropriate and effective treatment proposal for patients with chronic lomber radiculopathy for HILT, which is one of the new treatment options.
Louw A, Puentedura EJ, Diener I, Peoples RR (2015b) Preoperative therapeutic neuroscience education for lumbar radiculopathy: a single-case fMRI report.
evaluated VAS, bodily pain and physical functioning scores in 22 patients with lumbar radiculopathy undergoing TDD.
The most common diagnosis was carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in 721(17%) patients, followed by polyneuropathy 312(7.4%), peripheral nerve injury 238(5.6%), brachial plexus lesion 180(4.3%), myopathy 114(2.7%), lumbar radiculopathy 108(2.6%), poliomyelitis 62(1.5%), injection neuropathy 62(1.5%) facial paralyses 57(1.3%), multiple sclerosis 53(1.3%), and Guillain-BarrACopyright syndrome 50(1.2%) (Table-2).
The region of numbness in lumbar radiculopathy (pinched nerve in the spine) typically is not so well circumscribed, i.e., with well-defined borders and oval shaped.
He had taken treatment outside for same condition and was misdiagnosed as lumbar radiculopathy. No mass was palpable on examination, but there was a positive Tinel sign along the course of the posterior tibial nerve.
Efficacy of transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injections in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. [Article in Turkish] Agri 2012;24:77-84.
[13] Lumbar radiculopathy is a disorder of the spinal nerve roots, resulting in a dysaesthetic sensation or pain in a pattern of lumbar or sacral nerves.
Clinically, research suggests that PEME may have benefit for ankle injury (Pennington et al 1993), neck pain or acute whiplash (Foley-Nolan et al 1990, Foley-Nolan et al 1992), osteoarthritis (Ay and Evcik 2009, Pipitone and Scott 2001, Trock et al 1994), LBP (Harden et al 2007) and lumbar radiculopathy (Omar et al 2012).
For instance, his positive Straight Leg Raise and Double Leg Raise test results, along with reported MRI findings of L3-4 and L4-5 foraminal stenosis, suggested an underlying diagnosis of lumbar radiculopathy. His medical history included diagnoses of type II diabetes and congestive heart failure, making peripheral neuropathy and/or vascular claudication possible differentials.
The effect of epidural injection of betamethasone or bupivacaine in a rat model of lumbar radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1998; 23: 877-85.
This overuse syndrome, common among weekend warriors, is also often mistaken for lumbar radiculopathy. The distinction is this: The pseudoradiculopathy of trochanteric bursitis doesn't extend below the knee, while lumbar radiculopathy with sciatica typically goes past the knee laterally and runs down the leg, often as far as the foot, Dr.