lumen

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Related to Luminal: veronal, Seconal, lumen

lumen:

see photometryphotometry
, branch of physics dealing with the measurement of the intensity of a source of light, such as an electric lamp, and with the intensity of light such a source may cast on a surface area.
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Lumen

A unit of light from one source. Light falling on 1 square foot of surface of an imaginary sphere having a 1-foot radius around 1 candle.

Lumen

 

the unit of luminous flux in the International System of Units. Symbol, 1m. One lumen is the luminous flux emitted by an isotropic point source in a with a luminous intensity of 1 candela in a solid angle of 1 steradian.

lumen

[′lü·mən]
(anatomy)
The interior space within a tubular structure, such as within a blood vessel, a duct, or the intestine.
(optics)
The unit of luminous flux, equal to the luminous flux emitted within a unit solid angle (1 steradian) from a point source having a uniform intensity of 1 candela, or to the luminous flux received on a unit surface, all points of which are at a unit distance from such a source. Symbolized lm.
(science and technology)
The space within a tube.

lumen (lm)

The SI unit of luminous flux equal to the luminous flux received on a unit surface, all points of which are equidistant from a point source having a uniform intensity of 1 candela.

lumen

A unit of measurement of the light intensity radiating in the air in all directions from a light source. Lumens define "luminous flux," which is energy within the range of frequencies we perceive as light. For example, a wax candle generates about 13 lumens; a 60-watt bulb approximately 800, and a 100-watt bulb 1,600 lumens.

Lumen Ratings for Data Projectors
When choosing a data projector, the lumen rating is an important specification. In a small, dark room, 500 lumens may be ample; however, in a conference room with normal lighting, 1,000 to 2,000 lumens is required. In a large, well-lit room, at least 2,000 lumens is necessary. This rating is derived by taking the average of photometer readings at several points on a full white image on the screen. See lux, ANSI lumen, Lm/W, candela and spectrum.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Our conclusion is that tamoxifen treatment is beneficial for both groups of patients, but that it has a long-term protective effect for patients with Luminal A breast cancer', says Dr Linda Lindstrom, a research group leader at Karolinska Institutet's Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, who coordinated the study.
After looking closely at the luminal cells, they discovered that older prostates contained more luminal progenitor cells.
The TCGA research group recently analyzed the RNA sequence data of 412 cases of bladder MIUC, which revealed 5 distinct molecular subtypes, including luminal-papillary (35%), luminal-infiltrated (19%), luminal (6%), basalsquamous (35%), and neuronal (5%).
In cases with ER- positive breast cancers some drugs with anti-estrogenic activity have been used with very good responses especially in luminal tumors.
'Patients with Luminal A breast cancer and high intra-tumour heterogeneity of the oestrogen receptor were also twice as likely to die from the disease,' continues Dr Lindstrom.
If Ki-67 is not available, some alternative measure of proliferation, such as histological grade (G), may be used in making this distinction.[3],[25],[26] Therefore, in our study, grading was used to capture proliferation activity as described earlier: luminal A (ER + and/or progesterone receptor (PR) +, HER2-, and G1/2), luminal B (ER + and/or PR+, HER2-, and G3), luminal HER2+ (ER + and/or PR+, HER2+, and any grade), HER2-type (ER-, PR-, and HER2+), and TN (ER-, PR-, and HER2-).
Caption: Figure 2: (a) Significant luminal stenosis at the level of two small diagonal branches (arrows) after deployment of the stents and postdilatation of the overlapping segment with the 3.5 mm stent balloon at 16 atmospheres.
In this study, we evaluated the role of EMT- and immune-related pathways in sustaining the dissemination to SLNs and in driving local and distant relapse in luminal B BC patients.
The cases were divided into four subtypes: luminal A (ER+ and/or PR+, HER2-), luminal B (ER+ and/or PR+ and HER2+), HER2+ (ER-, PR-, and HER2+), and TNBC (ER-, PR-, and HER2-).