Lumpfish


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lumpfish

 

(Cyclopterus lumpus), a fish of the family Cyclop-teridae. The lumpfish is usually 25–40 cm long (sometimes reaching 60 cm) and weighs up to 2–3 kg. The body is thick and covered with longitudinal rows of large bony tubercles. The ventral fins are converted into a sucking disk.

The lumpfish is distributed in the North Atlantic. It is a bottom-dwelling fish that stays in coastal waters. The fish attains sexual maturity in the third or fourth year. It spawns in the Barents and White seas from May through July. The female deposits from 79,000 to 136,000 large roe (2.7 mm) in the littoral zone. The roe, which are deposited in clusters in two or three stages, are guarded by the male. Lumpfish feed on benthic invertebrates. They are of minor commercial value: the roe, the liver, and the flesh are edible.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Courtship, spawning and parental care behavior of the lumpfish, Cyclopterus lumpus L., Newfoundland.
Iceland's lumpfish catches are about 3,000 metric tons per year (based on an average season).
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The commonest are the roes of the common striped mullet (Mugil cephalus), and especially lumpfish roe from the sea hen (Cyclopterus lumpus), a scorpaeniform from the North Sea which spawns small (1-2 mm diameter), greenish eggs, which are often dyed black.
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Many fishers have already expressed concerns about declining catch rates for once healthy lobster and lumpfish stocks.
Others, gray, larger, and older, cling to each other in the icy solitude of deep crevices that may also harbor a forbidding lumpfish or sculpin.
Moreover, a number of candidate species are currently being assessed for commercial culture suitability, including halibut, wolffish, ocean pout, lumpfish, sablefish, sea urchins and abalone.
The move follows the detection of a strain of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus by Iceland's national Marine Research Institute in its lumpfish stock.