Born Oct. 29, 1866, in Manila; died June 5, 1899, in Cabanatuan. Leader of the Philippine national liberation movement.
With the start of the American-Philippine War of 1899-1901, Luna was appointed commander in chief, and in May 1899 he was appointed assistant minister of war. He favored resolute struggle against the occupation, ordering the arrest of the ministers who supported compromise with the USA. He was killed by the bodyguards of President E. Aguinaldo who later falsely charged Luna of intending to “usurp power.”