Luna probes

Luna probes

(loo -nă) (Lunik probes) A series of Soviet lunar probes (see table) that included the first craft to reach the vicinity of the Moon (1), the first to photograph the farside (3), the first crash lander (2), soft lander (9), orbiter (10), robotic sample-return mission (16), and robotic roving vehicle (17). See also Lunar Orbiter probes; Lunokhod; Ranger; Surveyor; Zond probes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Looking at the possibilities, (9) I have identified Russian Luna probes launched in 1959-1963 as the only likely candidates.
At least nine of the Luna probes failed in attempts to return lunar samples, though Luna 16, 20, and 24 ultimately were successful.
Almost all of the US Ranger spacecraft crashed onto the Moon, as did a number of Soviet Luna probes.