Lund(redirected from Lund, Sweden)
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Lund(lŭnd), city (1990 pop. 62,910), Malmöhus co., S Sweden. It is a commercial and industrial center and a rail junction. Manufactures include paper, packaging, printed materials, and clothing. Mentioned (c.920) in the sagas as Lunda, it became the Roman Catholic archiepiscopal see for Scandinavia in 1103–4 and subsequently flourished as an ecclesiastical and trade center. The city declined after it became (1536) a Lutheran bishopric, and it was devastated during the Danish-Swedish wars of the 17th cent. It passed definitively to Sweden in 1658 with Skåne prov. In 1668 Charles XI dedicated the Univ. of Lund, where the poet Esaias Tegner (1782–1846) later taught. The theological faculty of the university was well known in the 19th cent. The city is also the site of a technical university. Lund has a fine 11th-century Romanesque cathedral and a museum of folk customs.
a city in southern Sweden, in Malmöhus län (county), 16 km from the strait of 0 resund. Population, 56,000 (1971). The leading industries include machine building, textiles, chemicals, and food. Lund is the site of the University of Lund, which was founded in 1666. The buildings in the historical center of the city have retained a medieval character. Important architectural structures include the Romanesque cathedral, which was built between 1080 and 1145, restored in the 13th century, and includes a crypt dating from 1123, towers from circa 1200, and sculpture of the Lombard school in the apse and southern portal from the 12th century. There is also the Royal Palace, now the university library, which dates from 1578. Lund is the site of the Art Gallery (1957, architect K. Anshelm) and the student dormitory complex (1959, architects I. Hammarskjold-Rais, Kh. Vestman, and others). There is also a Cultural History Museum in Lund.