Quezon City

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Quezon City,

city (1990 pop. 1,669,776), former capital of the Republic of the Philippines, central Luzon, a part of the Manila metropolitan area. A suburb of Manila, taken separately it would be the most populous city in the Philippines. It is chiefly residential but has some diversified light industry. It is named for President Manuel QuezonQuezon, Manuel Luis
, 1878–1944, first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–44). While a law student, he joined (1899) Emilio Aguinaldo's insurrectionary army and fought the U.S. forces until 1901. He was imprisoned briefly after the insurrection.
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, who in 1937 selected this site as the new capital of a free Philippines. It officially replaced Manila as capital in 1948; in 1976 the capital returned to Manila. The area was formerly a private estate. The Univ. of the Philippines is there.

Quezon City

 

the official capital of the Philippines since 1948. It was named after Manuel Quezon, the first president of the Philippines. It is located on the island of Luzon, in the province of Rizal, to the northeast of Manila (the de facto capital of the state). Population, 971,600 (1971; 130,000 in 1958). It has a tropical monsoon climate. The average yearly temperature is 27.8°C. In January the mean temperature is 27°C; and in July, 28.3°C. Annual precipitation is 2,167 mm.

Quezon City is regulated by special laws making up the city charter. A mayor, who is elected for a four-year term, heads an elected city council. The council established and collects taxes, carries out various municipal projects, and maintains order with its own police force. Construction of the city was undertaken in 1939.

In addition to being an administrative and cultural center, Quezon City is one of the Philippines’ most rapidly growing commercial and industrial cities. Light industry, including the manufacture of textiles (which employs one-fourth of the city’s industrial workforce), footwear, tobacco, and clothing, and food-processing industry predominate. Other industries include metalworking and the production of plastics and paper. A number of ministries and other government institutions have been transferred from Manila to Quezon City. The University of the Philippines is also located in the city.

Quezon City

a city in the Philippines, on central Luzon adjoining Manila: capital of the Philippines from 1948 to 1976; seat of the University of the Philippines (1908). Pop.: 2 173 831 (2000)