Luscinia


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Luscinia

 

a genus of birds of the family Turdidae of the order Passeriformes. The best-known representative is the thrush nightingale (Luscinia luscinia), a brownish bird 17 cm in length with a rust-colored tail. The thrush nightingale is found in Europe and western Asia east to the Enisei River and south to the Northern Caucasus. It is migratory, wintering in Africa. The preferred habitat is moist thickets and river valleys. The nest is placed on the ground or very low in bushes. A clutch contains four to six greenish or bluish speckled eggs, which are incubated by the female for 13 days. The diet consists of spiders, insects, worms, and berries. The song is rich and varied.

The nightingale (L. megarhynchos) is more southern and western in distribution than the thrush nightingale, occurring from Spain to the Western Pamirs. Other species include the Siberian blue robin (L. cyane), Swinhoe’s red-tailed robin (L. sibilans), Siberian rubythroat (L. calliope), Himalayan rubythroat (L. pectoralis), and bluethroat (L. svecica).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Luscinia is a word from a rarified classical vocabulary adapted into the naturalistic poetry of the classicizing Middle Ages.
juveniles) Species 0 20 40 80 160 320 640 Acrocephalus scirpaceus 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Alcedo atthis 4 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Asio otus 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carduelis carduelis 9 (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Carduelis chloris 12 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cettia cetti 19 (4) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Hippolais pallida 49 (17) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Hippolais polyglotta 5 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Luscinia megarhynchos 4 (2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Oriolus oriolus 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Passer domesticus 175 (109) 1 1 2 (1) 0 0 0 Pycnonotus barbatus 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 Serinus serinus 9 (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sturnus vulgaris 1 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sylvia melanocephala 18 (7) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Turdus merula 23 (18) 4 (1) 1 1 0 0 2 * Captured in June (n = 197) and July (n = 149 + 14 recaptured birds first sampled in June); only data for first capture are shown.
These species include the arctic warbler, yellow wagtail, white wagtail, red-throated pipit, northern wheatear, and bluethroat (Luscinia svecica).
Wingbeat frequency and the body drag anomaly: wind-tunnel observations on a thrush nightingale (Luscinia luscinia) and a teal (Anas crecca).
By extension, however, Procne and Philomela come to refer to the swallow (hirundo) and the nightingale (luscinia, lusciniola) respectively.
Variety of herbs and grasses provide many insects, molluscs and vegetable matter that comprise the diet of many bird species including red vented bulbil Pycnonotus cafer, blue-throat Luscinia svecica, Indian blue robin Saxicoloides fulicata etc.
positive) 2004 2005 Common name Taxonomic name Jurmo Tauvo Lagskar Willow warbler Phylloscopus 29 105 159 trochilus Garden warbler Sylvia borin 1 1 46 Spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata 7 1 36 Pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca 7 19 13 Redstart Phoenicurus 8 16 10 phoenicurus Whitethroat Sylvia communis 1 34 Bluethroat Luscinia svecica 1 30 1 Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca 4 24 Sedge warbler Acrocephalus 3 schoenobaenus Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio 1 8 (1) Robin Erithacus rubecula 2 2 (1) 5 Song thrush Turdus philomelos 11 (1) Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla 4 6 Redpoll Carduelis flammea 3 1 Other (<5 5 5 19 individuals/ species) ([dagger]) Total 70 196 362 No.
The mountain (Siberian) accentor (Prunella montanella), bluethroat (Luscinia svecica), dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni eunomus), willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus), and little bunting (Emberiza pusilla) were not found breeding by Laboutin et al.
Moreover many winter migrants such as the Wagtails (Motacilla spp.), Blue throat (Luscinia svecica), Sandpipers (Tringa spp.and Actitis spp.) and many others may also lose their wintering grounds.