Lusignan

Lusignan

(lüzēnyäN`), French noble family. The name is derived from a castle in Poitou, built, according to legend, by MélusineMélusine
or Melusina
, in French legend, a fairy who changed into a serpent from the waist down every Saturday. She married a mortal, Count Raymond, said to be the ancestor of the house of Lusignan, and made him promise never to visit her on that day.
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. The family was powerful in the Middle Ages and ruled (13th–14th cent.) the county of Marche. One branch was prominent in the history of the Crusades. Guy of LusignanGuy of Lusignan
, d. 1194, Latin king of Jerusalem (1186–92) and Cyprus (1192–94), second husband of Sibylla, sister of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem. In 1183 he was briefly regent for his brother-in-law, who was incapacitated by leprosy, but Baldwin made Guy's
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 succeeded (1186) Baldwin V as king of Jerusalem; compelled (1192) to resign this title, he received the island of Cyprus from King Richard I of England. His brother, Amalric IIAmalric II
or Amaury II,
c.1155–1205, Latin king of Jerusalem (1197–1205) and Cyprus (1194–1205); brother and successor (in Cyprus) of Guy of Lusignan.
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, succeeded (1194) him as king of Cyprus and was also king of Jerusalem; his descendants continued to claim the kingship of Jerusalem. In 1342 a branch of their line ascended the throne of Lesser Armenia (Cilicia); in 1375 the last Lusignan king of Armenia was overthrown by the Mamluks, and the Lusignans of Cyprus added the empty title of king of Armenia to the equally empty one of king of Jerusalem. Cyprus flourished under Lusignan rule until about 1370, but then it declined and eventually became dependent on Venice and was obliged to pay tribute to Egypt. The royal capital, Nicosia, was long a center of French medieval culture. Famagusta, however, was ceded in the mid-1370s to Genoa as security for an indemnity in return for the release of the captive King Peter II. In the next century the Lusignan rulers of Cyprus had little power. The situation changed in 1460, however, when Queen Charlotte was expelled by the half-Greek illegitimate son of her late husband. The usurper became king as James II, recovered (1464) Famagusta, and married the Venetian heiress Caterina CornaroCornaro, Caterina
, 1454–1510, queen of Cyprus. A celebrated Venetian beauty, she was married in 1472 to James II of Cyprus, who was eager to secure Venetian support. James II died in 1473, and his infant son, James III, in 1474.
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. Their son, James III, died in 1474, and with him the Lusignan dynasty ended; in 1489 Venice took complete control of Cyprus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assignment of project management and operation management assistance for construction and / or rehabilitation operations for ght sites in vienne (poitiers, lusignan, montmorillon, chtellerault, loudun).
Famous among her contemporaries as well as to modern historians, Caterina Corner's extraordinary biography describes the story of the young bride to the Lusignan king of Cyprus, who was widowed and named regent to
Senior author of the report, Professor Simon de Lusignan from the University of Surrey, explained the study's significance: "Greater awareness of Type 3c diabetes within the medical profession is required immediately to improve management of this disease, which now has a higher incidence than Type 1 diabetes in adults.
Hackl, Nicolette de Keizer, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Mira Hercigonja-Szekeres, and Simon de Lusignan
The text refers to the historical fate of Cyprus while also narrating the erotic and political adventures of the most important King of Cyprus, Peter of Cyprus or Pierre I de Lusignan.
Paul Lusignan, National Register Chief for the National Park Service, concurred with LaFrank with this opinion in 2009:
Initially built by Cyprus's Lusignan masters, the 14th-century citadel was fortified in 1492 to thwart potential invaders by the Venetians who had taken ownership of the island.
A statement by the Regional government today said that the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Region Nechirvan Barzani received the Dutch Minister of Defense Lusignan Haines and her accompanying delegation.
She lives on in her two sisters, Joan Lusignan and Mildred Lachambre; seven children, Paul (Nancy) Paradis, David Paradis, Ann (James) Wilkinson, Leo (Gail) Paradis, Rita (Paul) Beauregard, Janet Paradis, and Lori (Mark) O'Connell; twenty-four grandchildren, Daniel and Jennifer Paradis, Joan Burkhardt, Julie Loomer, James Wilkinson, Jr.
Suzuki GB's Paul de Lusignan said: "We can now offer the scheme to all Suzuki owners at a subsidised cost of PS55 including fitment.
It is about a mermaid who marries a man of nobility, whose name in one variation is Lusignan (the French kings of Cyprus).
Jean d'Arras, Melusine: or, the Noble History of Lusignan, trans, and intro.