Lutfi

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lutfi

 

Born 1366/67, in Herat; died there 1465/66. Uzbek poet.

Lutfi wrote in Old Uzbek and Persian. Only his divan and the narrative poem Gu– and Navruz (1411-12), written in Old Uzbek, have come down to us. Lutfi’s lyric verses influenced the further development of Uzbek poetry. Lutfi was a master of versification and a brilliant stylist, but his poems did not have the profusion inherent in traditional medieval Eastern poetry. He used figurative methods from the oral poetry of Turkic-speaking peoples and brought literature closer to reality. Many of his verses became popular songs.

Lutfi’s narrative poem Gu’ and Navruz was created as a poetic “response” to the narrative poem of the same name written by the Persian poet Jalal Tabib in 1333. The plot of the poem is based on a legend about two lovers who, after many trials, are united with each other. Lutfi used this plot to affirm the idea of the “ideal” state ruled by a just sovereign.

WORKS

Tänlängän äsärlär. Tashkent, 1958.
Tänlängän äsärlär. Tashkent, 1960.
In Russian translation:
Lirika: Gul’ i Navruz. [With a preface by E. Rustamov.] Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCES

Samoilovich, A. N. “Chagataiskie tuiugi Liutfi.” DAN SSSR: Ser. V., 1926.
Rustamov, E. R. Uzbekskaia poeziia v pervoipolovine XV veka. Moscow, 1963.
Zärif, Kh. “Lutfiy vä Nävayi.” In the collection Ulugh ozbek shairi. Tashkent, 1948.
Ërkinav, S. Lutfiy. Tashkent, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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