Luxembourg, François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de

Luxembourg, François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de

(fräNswä` äNrē` də môNmôräNsē`bo͞otvēl` dük də lüksäNbo͞or`), 1628–95, marshal of France. Under his cousin, the Great Condé, he served in the FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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, in the conquest of Franche-Comté (1668), and in the Dutch War. Made a marshal in 1675, he was given (1676) command on the Rhine and shared in the victory of Cassel (1677). He was implicated in the Poison AffairPoison Affair,
in French history, scandal implicating a number of prominent persons at the court of King Louis XIV. It began with the trial of Marie Madeleine d'Aubray, marquise de Brinvilliers (c.1630–76).
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 and was sent to the Bastille (1679–80). Although still out of favor at the beginning of the War of the Grand Alliance, he was eventually given command in Flanders and won three battles on which his reputation chiefly rests—Fleurus (1690), Steenkerke (1692), and Neerwinden (1693).
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