Lvov, Nikolai Nikolaevich
L’vov, Nikolai Nikolaevich
Born 1867; died 1944. Russian political figure. Large pomeshchik (landlord). By education a lawyer.
From 1893 to 1900, L’vov was marshal of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) of Saratov Province, and from 1899 he was chairman of the province zemstvo board (a body of local self-government). He was one of the founders of the bourgeois liberal Union of Liberation and a participant in the zemstvo congresses of 1904-05. In 1906 he was a member of the Central Committee of the Constitutional Democrat (Cadet) Party, but, differing with the Cadets on the agrarian question and on civil equality, he left the party and moved toward the right. He was one of the founders of the Party of Peaceful Renewal. He was a deputy to the first, third, and fourth State Dumas (in the third Duma he was one of the founders of the Progressive Party, and in the fourth, he was assistant chairman of the Duma). In 1917 he joined the leadership of the Union of Pomeshchiki (Landlords). During the Civil War of 1918-20 he was a Black Hundred journalist in the White Army. From November 1920 he was a White émigré, a violent enemy of Soviet power.