Lviv

(redirected from Lwow)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Lviv

(ləvē`o͞o, ləvēf`), Rus. Lvov, Pol. Lwów, Ger. Lemberg, city (1989 pop. 791,000), capital of Lviv region, W Ukraine, at the watershed of the Western Bug and Dniester rivers and in the northern foothills of the Carpathian Mts. The chief city of W Ukraine, Lviv is a major rail and highway junction and an industrial and commercial center. Machine building, food processing, and the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, motor vehicles, and textiles are the leading industries. Lviv is also an educational and cultural center, with a famous university (est. 1661) and several institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Landmarks include a 16th-century palace and two 14th-century cathedrals.

Founded c.1256 by Prince Daniel of Halych, the city was named for his son Lev and developed as a great commercial center on the trade route from Vienna to Kiev. It also served as an outpost against Tatar invasions. Lviv was captured by the Poles in the 1340s, the Turks in 1672, and the Swedes in 1704. During the first partition of Poland (1772) it passed to Austria, and became the capital of GaliciaGalicia
, Pol. Galicja, Ukr. Halychyna, Rus. Galitsiya, historic region (32,332 sq mi/83,740 sq km), SE Poland and W Ukraine, covering the slopes of the N Carpathians and plains to the north and bordering on Slovakia in the south.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Lviv was the chief center of the Ukrainian national movement in Galicia after 1848. The capital of the short-lived West Ukrainian Democratic Republic after World War I, the city was taken by Poland in 1919 and confirmed as Polish by the Soviet-Polish Treaty of Riga (1921). Lviv was annexed to Ukraine by the USSR in 1939. German forces held the city during much of World War II and exterminated the Jewish population; by the early 1990s the city's Jewish residents numbered about 17,000. In 1945, Poland formally ceded Lviv to the USSR, from which Ukraine declared its independence in 1991.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Lviv

an industrial city in W Ukraine: it has belonged to Poland (1340--1772; 1919--39), Austria (1772--1918), Germany (1939--45), and the Soviet Union (1945--91); Ukrainian cultural centre, with a university (1661). Pop.: 719 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As this is going on, four thousand miles away, in the city of Durham, North Carolina, another former resident of Lwow is also thinking about these matters, but differently.
A study tour via bus continued on to Lviv (Lwow), Zhytomyr (Zytomierz), Berdychiv (Berdyczow), and Terekhova (Terechowa) in Ukraine, under the expert guidance and supremely able organization of Professor Krajka and his assistants Agata Lukasiewicz and Dominika Spadlo, and the sanction of the participating universities and the Polish consulates in Lviv and Vinnitsa.
He was born in Lwow, Poland, then known as Lemberg (before 1918 so it was still part of the Austro-Hungarian empire) and now is part of the Ukraine and known as Lviv.
As Seton-Watson informed a curious Watson Kirkconnell several years later, the dissertation "was an excellent piece of work so far as it went," but Kysilewsky was "considerably handicapped by limitations of research in London, and political reasons had made it difficult for him to fill in the gaps in his studies in Lwow and elsewhere...." (Syrota 2004-05, 166-7).
The lives of the microbiologists--Rudolf Weigl, a German zoologist, and Ludwig Fleck, a Jewish physician--intersected in Lwow, eastern Poland.
The lights were turned off again, and there was more singing by firelight--songs of the cities over the borders in Ukraine and Lithuania and lost to Poland, including Lwow and Wilno.
(22) Leon Wells, a survivor of the Janowska transit camp near Lwow, Poland, has left behind valuable memoirs of his horrifying experiences and subsequent life-long spiritual struggle.
In 1938 the Poles: Jan Stefan Raszek and Franciszek Groer, practicing at the Jan Kazimierz University of Lwow, performed the first bone marrow transplantation.
He wanted to perform in Warsaw, Krakow, and Lwow, he wanted to see Paris and walk around the ancient streets of Rome, he wanted to drink wine on the Mediterranean and ride a camel in the Sahara and maybe take an ocean liner across the Atlantic, but in one horrible moment he realized none of it was going to happen.
Svoboda's home base is in the area surrounding the western Ukrainian city of Lviv--known as Lvov in Russia, Lwow in Polish and Lemberg in German and Yiddish.
The article, titled "Putin's Coup," further quoted Sikorski, presumed to be present between the meeting of the two leaders, as saying that Mr Putin told the former Polish prime minister that "Lwow is a Polish city and why don't we just sort it out together."