Lycia

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Lycia

(lĭsh`ə), ancient country, SW Asia Minor. Egyptian sources ally the Lycians to the HittitesHittites
, ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria, who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia c.1800 B.C.
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 at the time of Ramses II; the Lycians spoke an Anatolian languageAnatolian languages
, subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table); the term "Anatolian languages" is also used to refer to all languages, Indo-European and non-Indo-European, that were spoken in Anatolia in ancient times.
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. Lycia was frequently mentioned by Homer in Greek mythology. In historic times it was held by the Persians, the Seleucids, and the Romans (from 189 B.C.). Its chief towns included XanthusXanthus
, ancient city of Lycia, W Asia Minor, in present Turkey. On the Xanthus River, it was besieged and taken by the Persians (c.546 B.C.) and centuries later (c.42 B.C.) by the Romans. Both times the inhabitants destroyed their city before surrendering.
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, PataraPatara
, ancient Mediterranean port of Lycia, S Asia Minor (now Turkey). It was a Dorian colony, and became the seat of the Lycian League (167 B.C.–A.D. 43). According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul visited Patara.
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, and MyraMyra
, ancient city and seaport of Lycia, S Asia Minor (now S Turkey). The Acts of the Apostles reports that the city was visited by Paul. According to tradition, it was the see of St. Nicholas. Ruins of a theater are on the acropolis, and the necropolis has many grand tombs.
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. Ruins include many rock-cut Lycian tombs and later Grecian sculptures dating from the 5th cent. B.C.

Lycia

 

in antiquity, a country in southern Asia Minor. The Lycians settled the area in the first millennium B.C. Before their assimilation by the Greeks in the third century B.C., they spoke one of the Hittite-Luwian languages and used a written alphabet in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. From the middle of the sixth century B.C. Lycia was under Persian rule, although the Lycian king Pericles ruled in the eastern part of the country in the fourth century. At the end of the fourth century, Lycia became part of the empire of Alexander the Great. From 295 to 197, the country was ruled by the Ptolemies. In the first century B.C., Lycia came under the Roman rule as an autonomous state. In a.d. 43 a Roman province was formed on the territory of Lycia and Pamphylia.

REFERENCES

Neumann, G. “Lykisch.” In Handbuch der Orientalistik, vol. 2, part 2. Leiden, 1969.
Treuber, O. Geschichte der Lykier. Stuttgart, 1887.

Lycia

an ancient region on the coast of SW Asia Minor: a Persian, Rhodian, and Roman province
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The Dunkin Donuts Center Is Accepting Proposals To Purchase 8 (eight) Lycian 1295 Or
Tomb service: The Lycian rock carvings and the popular Hotel Asur
CRUISES LATE DEALS THEMED BREAKS WALKING IN TURKEY: On Foot Holidays (01722 322 652) offers seven nights' self-guided walking until mid-Nov on Lycian Way from PS675 along Turquoise Coast, taking in secluded beaches, ruins at Olympus and wild seaside leading to lighthouse of Kilidonya.
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They also took the Telegraph with them to the Valley of Olympos, Lycian rock tombs and the St Nicholas Church.
Turkey - Gulet Cruise A Gulet is the perfect way to explore the Turquoise Coast taking in the Lycian coast lined with pretty towns, fishing villages and beautiful bays.
85 Two routes in Europe are a magnet for walkers this summer: the Amalfi coast of Italy, particularly the stretch to Sorrento, and Turkey's Lycian Way, from Ovacik to the lighthouse at Kilidonya.
Unlike many tourists of the period, Brown brings to his tour an insistent historicism, a constant awareness of social relation--of class difference as well as of the impositions of racial caste that fundamentally alters his representation of scenes as different as the Place de la Concorde and the Lycian Room at the British Museum.
An hour south by road is another up-and-coming resort - Dalyan - which features a protected turtle beach and a series of Lycian rock tombs built into the cliffside.
The resorts of Bodrum and Marmaris are the liveliest, while the pretty towns of Fethiye and Olou Deniz on the Lycian coast make a great base for exploring this fascinating region.
Now, we are aware that the Lycian women of the Roman period 1,800 years ago were living well-groomed by using a pair of tweezers, rasp and mirror," The Hurriyet Daily News quoted Cevi as saying.