Lycium


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lycium

 

(Russian, dereza ), a genus of deciduous or evergreen, usually thorny, shrubs of the family Solanaceae. The leaves.are alternate or in fascicles, simple, and entire. The flowers are monoecious, axillary, and gathered in clusters or single. The fruit is a red, sometimes black, juicy berry. There are about 100 species, growing in the temperate and subtropical regions of both hemispheres (mainly South America). In the USSR there are five species, found in deserts, semideserts, and steppes in the southeastern European USSR, in the Caucasus, and in Middle Asia. The most common are L. ruthenicum, L. turcomanicum, and L. dasystemum. The species L. barbarum and L. halimifolium are cultivated as hedges and for ornamental purposes. Many species are drought resistant and grow in poor soil, and some are salt resistant. The Russian peashrub, Caragana frutex of the legume family is also called dereza.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Experimental research on the role of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide in anti-peroxidation.
Pu, "Activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway contributes to the protective effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides in the rodent retina after ischemia-reperfusion-induced damage," PLoS ONE, vol.
The antimicrobial activities of ethanolic, aqueous and petroleum ether crude extracts of root of Berberis lycium were summarized in table.
The most consumed plant species (with a frequency higher than 5% in the diet) were Capparis atamisquea, Larrea spp., Lycium spp., and P.
Asano N, Kato, A, Miyauchi, M, Kizu, H, Tomimori, T, Matsui, K, Nasb, R.J, Molyneux, R.J (1997) Specific alphagalactosidase inhibitors, N-methylcalystegines-structure/ activity relationships of calystegines from Lycium chinense.
The species included Berberis lycium, Nasturtium officinale, Oxalis stricta, Plantago major, Rumex hastatus, Sisymbrium officinale and Zanthoxylum alatum.
The first section, directly from the Growler Field to the Lycium oil field, will consist of a six inch flowline with an initial capacity of approximately 8,000 barrels of oil per day.