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(lĭk`əfrŏn), fl. early 3d cent. B.C., b. Chalcis, Alexandrian Greek poet, one of the PleiadPleiad
[from Pleiades], group of seven tragic poets of Alexandria who flourished c.280 B.C. under Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Of the works of the men usually given in lists of the Pleiad only those of Lycophron survive. A group of enthusiastic French poets took c.
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. His only extant poem Cassandra or Alexandra, is an obscure and difficult work in iambic verse. In ancient times his tragedies were highly esteemed.



Born circa 320 B.C.; date of death unknown. Greek poet and grammarian.

The scholarly poem Alexandra, which contained the prophecies on the fate of the Greeks after the destruction of Troy, is attributed to Lycophron. He is known as the author of tragedies on mythological themes (20 titles are known), the satyr play Menedemus, and the historical and literary treatise On Comedy (fragments extant).


Holzinger, C. Lykophron’s Alexandra. Leipzig, 1895.
In Russian translation:
Aleksandra [excerpts]. Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1947, no. 3, pp. 264–66.


Istorila grecheskoi literatury, vol. 3. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [et al.]. Moscow, 1960. p. 96.
Ziegler. “Lykophron.” In Pauly’s Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 13. Stuttgart, 1927. Columns 2316–81.
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The Byzantine grammarian John Tzetzes wrote that "Under the royal patronage of Ptolemy Philadelphus, Alexander of Aetolia edited the books of tragedy, Lycophron of Chalcis those of comedy, and Zenodotus of Ephesus those of Homer and the other poets" (Tzetzes, 1952, pp.