Lydia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Lydia

(lĭd`ēə), in the New Testament, Christian convert at whose house in Philippi Paul stayed. She was from Thyatira.

Lydia,

ancient country, W Asia Minor, N of Caria and S of Mysia (now NW Turkey). The tyrant Gyges was the founder of the Mermnadae dynasty, which lasted from c.700 B.C. to 550 B.C. The little kingdom grew to an empire in the chaos that had been left after the fall of the Neo-Hittite kingdom. Lydia was proverbially golden with wealth, and the capital, SardisSardis
or Sardes
, ancient city of Lydia, W Asia Minor, at the foot of Mt. Tmolus, 35 mi (56 km) NE of the modern Izmir, Turkey. As capital of Lydia, it was the political and cultural center of Asia Minor from 650 B.C. until the death of Croesus (c.547 B.C.).
..... Click the link for more information.
, was magnificent. To Lydian rulers is ascribed the first use of coined money in the 7th cent. B.C. Lydia had close ties with the Greek cities of Asia, which were for a time within the Lydian empire. Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Persia defeated (c.546 B.C.) CroesusCroesus
, d. c.547 B.C., king of Lydia (560–c.547 B.C.), noted for his great wealth. He was the son of Alyattes. He continued his father's policy of conquering the Ionian cities of Asia Minor, but on the whole he was friendly to the Greeks, and he is supposed to have given
..... Click the link for more information.
, Lydia's last ruler, and Lydia was absorbed into the Persian Empire.

Lydia

 

an ancient country in western Asia Minor in the fertile Hermus River valley.

The territory of Lydia was populated by the Indo-European tribes of Lydians, who spoke one of the Hittite-Luwian languages and who had a written alphabet that was used from the seventh to fourth centuries B. C. Lydia was rich in gold deposits, and it was there that at around the seventh century B.C. the first coins in human history were minted. Lydia was famous for its jewelery, weaving, and leather production. Its geographical location helped it to develop foreign trade relations.

At the beginning of the first millennium B. C., Lydia became part of Phrygia. In the early seventh century B.C. it became an independent state with its capital at Sardis. Invasion by Cimmerians and Thracians apparently caused a change of dynasties in Lydia. (According to Greek tradition, the Heraclid dynasty ruled in Lydia from the 12th century. In the early seventh century B. C., the Mermnad dynasty began to rule; their first kings conquered the Greek cities of Asia Minor.) During the reign of Croesus, Lydia’s power extended to nearly all of the peninsula of Asia Minor except the southern regions. In 546 B. C., Lydia was seized by the Persian king Cyrus II. In the fourth century B. C. it became part of the realm of Alexander the Great. During the third and second centuries B. C., Lydia was part of the state of the Seleucids and then of the state of Pergamum. In 133 B. C., Lydia became part of the Roman province of Asia.

REFERENCES

Shevoroshkin, V. V. Lidiiskii iazyk. Moscow, 1967.
Gusmani, R. Lydisches Wõrterbuch. Heidelberg, 1964. Pages 17–48.

Lydia

an ancient region on the coast of W Asia Minor: a powerful kingdom in the century and a half before the Persian conquest (546 bc). Chief town: Sardis
References in periodicals archive ?
The books will be given to Lydia when she is older.
In July 2016, Lydia braved an operation which helped ease her seizures with the longterm hope of stopping them altogether.
Lydia esta muy emocionada por dar este ano las Campanadas junto a otros companeros de Salvame
Now he's smitten with Lydia, 19, who insists she isn't intimidated by his famous former lover.
The First Kiss - Stiles and Lydia kissed long before they got together.
During her treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Lydia - who is now in remission - wrote stories and drew pictures to keep her spirits up, which were turned into a book, I Like to Go to the Hospital.
Lydia, 29, has spoken out in support of This Morning host Ferne, 26, who has dumped the dad of her unborn baby.
It is vibrant and funny, making Lydia into a heroine rather than an underdog, making us, her readers; love her even more for her engaging actions and opinions.
Before the final tributes were made by Lydia's friends, her aunt and uncle Elizabeth and Kenneth Lewinson shared their memories of the popular Radford woman to roaring applause and cheers for Lydia.
Her parents, Bethan and David Germon, both 28, from Swansea, have made it their mission to raise PS50,000 to fly Lydia to Boston to meet a surgeon they believe could help save her life.
Her song included lyrics dedicated to her sister Lucy, who died aged nine - three years before Lydia was born.
However, Lydia became quite poorly after birth and eventually was transferred to Alder Hey, who confirmed Lydia had a bleed on the right side of her brain, as well as meningitis.