Lygosoma


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lygosoma

 

a genus of lizards of the family Scincidae (skinks). Body length, up to 30 cm. The limbs are partially or almost completely reduced (varying from completely developed four- or five-digital to hardly noticeable unidactylous or adactylous limbs); some species are snakelike. There are approximately 100 species, distributed in Africa, Australia, South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia, and Central America. These skinks live primarily in forests and among low shrubs; some species dwell among rocks, on cliffs, along seacoasts, and sometimes on high-altitude mountains. Those species of Lygosoma that resemble snakes are seldom seen on the surface of the soil. Lygosoma feed on insects and small invertebrates. Most species lay eggs, but a few are live-bearers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(1940) Notes on the Lampropholis group of Middle American Lygosoma (Scincidae) with descriptions of two new forms.
Uber neue Saurier (Spasriodactylus, Anolis, Phrynosoma, Tropidolepisma, Lygosoma, Ophioscincus) aus Centralamerica, Mexico und Aus tralien.
africana (Werner, 1895) -- 1 Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleo dilepis Leach, 1819 16 -- Scincidae Melanoseps loveridgei Brygoo et Roux-Esteve, -- 14 1981 Lygosoma sundevalli (A.
y Lygosoma., ranas o sapos de los generos Bufo spp.
For example, viviparity in Lygosoma or Sphenomorphus is not explainable by the cold-climate hypothesis (Shine 1988; Shine and Guillette 1988).
The systematics and evolutionary relationships of the Scincid lizard genus Lygosoma. Journal of Natural History 11:515-540.
In the ethmoidal region, the nasal capsule of the Mabuya is broad, very developed, and similar to others lizards such as the scincids Chalcides ocellatus, Eutropis carinata (= Mabuya carinata), Plestiodon fasciauts (= Eumeces quinquelineatus), Trachylepis capensis (= Mabuya capensis), Lygosoma, the lacertids Lacerta vivipara, and Acanthodactylus boskiana, the anguid Anguis fragilis, and the gimnophthalmid Ptychoglossus bicolor (Rice 1920; Pearson 1921; Rao & Ramaswami 1952; El Toubi & Kamal 1961; Skinner 1973; Bellaris & Kamal 1981; Hernandez et al.
17 18.5 Sylvilagus (total) 19 20.7 Procyon lotor 1 1.1 AVES Colinus virginianus 7 7.6 Melanerpes carolinus 1 1.1 Rallus longirostris 1 1.1 Unidentified warbler * 1 1.1 Unidentified birds 2 2.2 REPTILIA Lygosoma laterale ** 2 2.2 Eumeces laticeps 1 1.1 Cnemidophorus sexlineatus 3 3.3 Prey item Source MAMMALIA Mammals (unidentified) Hamilton & Pollack (1955); Palmer & Braswell (1995) Eptesicus fuscus Anderson (1965) Peromyscus sp.
Reptile Species Dry season Wet season Total Cnemaspis mysoriensis 124 80 204 (40.24) Geckoella collegaiensis 1 2 3 (0.59) Hemidactylus frenatus 13 6 19 (3.75) Hemidactylus maculatus 0 2 2 (0.39) Draco dussumieri 15 0 15 (2.96) Calotes versicolor 5 1 6 (1.18) Calotes calotes 20 5 25 (4.93) Calotes rouxii 2 0 2 (0.39) Psammophilus blanfordanus 47 11 58 (11.44) Chamaeieo zeyianicus 0 1 1 (0.20) Lygosoma punctata 2 0 2 (0.39) Eutropis carinata 2 9 11 (2.17) Eutropis macularia 96 45 141 (27.81) Varanos bengalensis 5 2 7 (1.38) Ramphotyphiops braminus 1 2 3 (0.59) Boiga beddomei 0 1 1 (0.20) Dendrelaphis tristis 1 0 1 (0.20) Coelognathus helena 1 0 1 (0.20) Oligodon arnensis 0 1 1 (0.20) Ptyas mucosa 1 1 2 (0.39) Hypnale hypnale 0 2 2 (0.39) Total 336 171 507 (100.00)
17 18.5 Hamilton & Pollack (1955); Klauber (1956); Palmer & Braswell (1995); Clark (1949) Sylvilagus (total) 19 20.7 Procyon lotor 1 1.1 Martin & Wood (1955) AVES Colinus virginianus 7 7.6 Palmer & Braswell (1995); Clark (1949); this study Melanerpes carolinus 1 1.1 Hamilton & Pollack (1955) Rallus longirostris 1 1.1 Grant (1970) Unidentified warbler* 1 1.1 Palmer & Braswell (1995) Unidentified birds 2 2.2 Hamilton & Pollack (1955); Palmer & Braswell (1995) REPTILIA Lygosoma laterale** 2 2.2 Hamilton & Pollack (1955) Eumeces laticeps 1 1.1 Hamilton & Pollack (1955) Cnemidophorus sexlineatus 3 3.3 Hamilton & Pollack (1955) * Identification based on feathers.