Lycia

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Lycia

(lĭsh`ə), ancient country, SW Asia Minor. Egyptian sources ally the Lycians to the HittitesHittites
, ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria, who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia c.1800 B.C.
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 at the time of Ramses II; the Lycians spoke an Anatolian languageAnatolian languages
, subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table); the term "Anatolian languages" is also used to refer to all languages, Indo-European and non-Indo-European, that were spoken in Anatolia in ancient times.
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. Lycia was frequently mentioned by Homer in Greek mythology. In historic times it was held by the Persians, the Seleucids, and the Romans (from 189 B.C.). Its chief towns included XanthusXanthus
, ancient city of Lycia, W Asia Minor, in present Turkey. On the Xanthus River, it was besieged and taken by the Persians (c.546 B.C.) and centuries later (c.42 B.C.) by the Romans. Both times the inhabitants destroyed their city before surrendering.
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, PataraPatara
, ancient Mediterranean port of Lycia, S Asia Minor (now Turkey). It was a Dorian colony, and became the seat of the Lycian League (167 B.C.–A.D. 43). According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul visited Patara.
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, and MyraMyra
, ancient city and seaport of Lycia, S Asia Minor (now S Turkey). The Acts of the Apostles reports that the city was visited by Paul. According to tradition, it was the see of St. Nicholas. Ruins of a theater are on the acropolis, and the necropolis has many grand tombs.
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. Ruins include many rock-cut Lycian tombs and later Grecian sculptures dating from the 5th cent. B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lycia

 

in antiquity, a country in southern Asia Minor. The Lycians settled the area in the first millennium B.C. Before their assimilation by the Greeks in the third century B.C., they spoke one of the Hittite-Luwian languages and used a written alphabet in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. From the middle of the sixth century B.C. Lycia was under Persian rule, although the Lycian king Pericles ruled in the eastern part of the country in the fourth century. At the end of the fourth century, Lycia became part of the empire of Alexander the Great. From 295 to 197, the country was ruled by the Ptolemies. In the first century B.C., Lycia came under the Roman rule as an autonomous state. In a.d. 43 a Roman province was formed on the territory of Lycia and Pamphylia.

REFERENCES

Neumann, G. “Lykisch.” In Handbuch der Orientalistik, vol. 2, part 2. Leiden, 1969.
Treuber, O. Geschichte der Lykier. Stuttgart, 1887.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lycia

an ancient region on the coast of SW Asia Minor: a Persian, Rhodian, and Roman province
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
CALMING: The chill-out terrace in Lykia World, Antalya BOTH SIDES: Lykia World Hotel in Antalya boasts a huge array of activities, while (right) the Apollo Temple in Sides is a must-see
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Lykia World is not far off a small town in size, a holiday oasis built into the hills consisting of a main five-star hotel, a Greek inspired 'village' accommodation area, 17 swimming pools, 12 bars, three main restaurants and a 22,000 sq metre 'children's paradise'.
A Fourball Stableford will be held on the Kaya Palazzo course on the Wednesday, followed by the Examiner Challenge first round on the Lykia Links the following day.
THE DEAL: Thomas Cook Style has a seven-night allinclusive stay at the five-star Liberty Hotels Lykia Holiday World costing from PS1,245 for a family of three including flights from Manchester on April 5 and transfers.
TIME ZONE: GMT +2hrs CURRENCY: Lira - pounds 1 = 2.73 BEST TIME TO GO: You'll Lykia it spring to autumn
Lykia World Village, Turkey: A ' holiday village with private beach and over-' looking the lagoon of Olu Deniz.
The Shooting Stars team captain spent two weeks at the five star Lykia World Hotel where travel executive Markus is the manager.
Huddersfield Golf Club's eight handicapper Nick Wilson had some consolation when he partnered Crosland Heath's Richard Dyson to victory in the fourball betterball event, held at the magnificent Lykia links course.
Seven-nights full board at the four-star Lykia World Resort Hotel at Olu Deniz, Turkey costs pounds 2,155 for a family of three (two adults and one child) flying from Manchester on July 22 with Thomas Cook.
IT was my golf-mad pal Peter who first tipped me off about Lykia Links, the fabulous course attached to the Lykia-World resort near Antalya in Turkey.