Abbott, Lyman

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Abbott, Lyman,

1835–1922, American clergyman and editor, b. Roxbury, Mass., son of Jacob Abbott. He was ordained a minister in 1860 and was pastor in several churches before succeeding Henry Ward Beecher at the Plymouth Congregational Church, Brooklyn, in 1888. With Beecher he had begun in 1876 to edit the Christian Union, the name of which he changed in 1893 to the Outlook. He championed a modern rational outlook in American Christianity. His works include The Theology of an Evolutionist (1897), Henry Ward Beecher (1903), and Reminiscences (rev. ed. 1923).

Bibliography

See biography by I. V. Brown (1953, repr. 1970).

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Abbott, Lyman

(1835–1922) Congregational clergyman, editor; born in Roxbury, Mass. He graduated from New York University (1853) and joined a law firm before turning to the ministry and becoming ordained in 1860. Between 1860–65, he had a parish in Terre Haute, Ind. At the end of the Civil War, he went to New York City, where, in addition to serving a parish, he worked with the American Union Commission for more sympathetic reconstruction policies in the South. He became editor of a new periodical, The Illustrated Christian Weekly (1870–76), then joined Henry Ward Beecher at the Christian Union; Abbott replaced Beecher as editor in 1881 and the magazine's name was changed to Outlook in 1893. When Beecher died in 1890, Abbott took over his Brooklyn parish; he retired in 1899 to devote his final years to editing, writing, and guest preaching and speaking. He was noted for the intelligence, balance, and tolerance that he combined with traditional Christian teachings.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in classic literature ?
Lyman Abbott, then the pastor of Plymouth Church, and also editor of the Outlook (then the Christian Union), asked me to write a letter for his paper giving my opinion of the exact condition, mental and moral, of the coloured ministers in the South, as based upon my observations.
Lyman Abbott, a well-known Protestant clergyman and author, wrote a detailed account of his visit to Tbilisi in the spring of 1901.
A high point of Lyman Abbott's trip to Tbilisi came when his excursion train reached the top of a long ascent through arid country, went through a tunnel, and "emerged, in a garden; the fields green with verdure, the trees radiant with blossoms, the villages alive with apparent prosperity."
This paper extends a small portion of their efforts by focusing upon three prominent nineteenth-century "optimistic evolutionists": Joseph LeConte (1823-1901), Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887), and Lyman Abbott (1835-1922).
Such an endeavor, however, remains worthy for it easily leads to consideration of significant primary sources and focused prosopographical study, a small sampling of which this paper offers through selective consideration of three prominent "optimistic evolutionists" who spoke and published on evolution and Christianity during the 1880s and 1890s: Henry Ward Beecher, Joseph LeConte (1823-1901), and Lyman Abbott (1835-1922).
He profiles scores of religious figures, such as Dwight Moody, John Nelson Darby, Lyman Abbott, Billy Sunday, Fr.
Liberal Protestant leader Lyman Abbott explained in 1906 that "democracy is not merely a political theory, it is not merely a social opinion; it is a profound religious faith." According to this faith, it was "the function of the Anglo-Saxon race" to confer the civilizing gifts of commerce, law and education on backward peoples: "It is said that we have no right to go to a land occupied by a barbaric people and interfere with their life.
Lyman Abbott, The Rights of Man: A Study in Twentieth Century Problems (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1901), 274.
While he does not account for every moment in the history of American religious pluralism, readers will be amazed at how many different groups, events, and individuals he does include: Lyman Abbott, Hannah Adams, John Adams, Jane Addams, Sydney Ahlstrom, Catherine Albanese, Archibald Alexander, Horatio Alger, Ethan Allen, and Timothy Shay Arthur are all here, and those are only the "As." With an enormous knowledge of primary and secondary sources that would burden a lesser story teller, Hutchison gives a reading of American religious history centered on the development of a contentious ideal.
McClellan, son of the Civil War general, and Lyman Abbott, pastor of Plymouth Church in Brooklyn.
Originally it was called the Christian Union and was edited by <IR> HENRY WARD BEECHER </IR> , who had announced in <IR> THE INDEPENDENT </IR> (1861) that he "would assume the liberty of meddling with every question which agitated the civil or Christian community." In 1893 the name was changed to The Outlook, and by that time <IR> LYMAN ABBOTT </IR> was editor.
Moody and proto-liberal Lyman Abbott (both veterans of 1858), its contentment with publicity for and privatization of religion in the absence of real salience in public affairs.